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청소년 건강에 대한 잠재계층 분류 및 사회자본의 영향 검증 : 양부모가정과 한부모가정의 비교를 통하여

Identification of Latent Classes of Adolescent's Health Condition and Verification the effects of Social Capital : Comparison of Intact Families and Single Parent families

  • 전지원 (숙명여자대학교 가족자원경영학과) ;
  • 김경아 (숙명여자대학교 기초교양학부)
  • Chun, JeeWon (Department of Family & Resource Management, SookMyung Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Kyoung-A (Division of General Education, SookMyung Women's University)
  • 투고 : 2018.03.31
  • 심사 : 2018.06.20
  • 발행 : 2018.06.28

초록

본 연구는 청소년의 건강상태에 대한 잠재계층유형을 확인하고, 이를 토대로 가족유형별 청소년의 건강에 대한 사회자본 영향력을 검증하였다. 이를 위해 "2015 한국 아동 청소년 인권실태" 자료를 활용하여, 중학교와 고등학교에 재학중인 청소년 6,912명의 자료를 분석하였다. 우선 청소년의 건강상태에 대한 잠재계층은 3개의 집단으로 분류되었다. 다음으로 다항로지스틱 회귀분석을 이용하여 잠재계층별 청소년의 건강에 대한 사회자본의 영향을 살펴본 결과, 양부모가정과 한부모가정 청소년 모두 가정 사회자본과 학교 사회자본의 수준이 높을수록 건강집단에 속할 확률이 높게 나타났다. 그러나 지역사회 사회자본에 있어서는 양부모가정과 한부모가정 청소년은 다른 양상을 보였다. 한부모가정 청소년의 경우 건강에 대한 지역사회 사회자본의 영향력은 유의미하지 않았다. 이러한 분석결과를 토대로 연구의 함의와 실천적 제언 및 후속 연구 과제를 제시하였다.

키워드

청소년 건강;한부모가정;잠재계층분석;가족 사회자본;학교 사회자본;지역사회 사회자본

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