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대학 생활적응과 성별 및 성 역할 정체감의 관련성 연구

The Relationship between University life Adaptation, Sex and Gender Role Identity

  • 투고 : 2018.03.26
  • 심사 : 2018.06.20
  • 발행 : 2018.06.28

초록

본 연구의 목적은 성별과 성역할 정체감이 대학 생활적응에 미치는 영향을 살펴봄으로써 대학생의 적응향상을 위한 기초자료를 제공하는 데에 있다. 연구 참여자는 4년제 대학교에 재학 중인 남학생 142명과 여학생 146명이다. 연구도구는 대학생활 적응 척도와 성역할 정체감 척도를 사용하였으며, SPSS와 Process macro를 활용하여 병렬다중매개모형 검증을 실시하였다. 그 결과, 적응의 수준과 자원에 대한 성별의 영향은 유의하나 성 역할 정체감의 영향이 함께 고려되었을 때에 설명력이 의미 있는 수준으로 증가하는 것으로 나타났다. 적응 수준에 대한 남성성과 여성성의 영향은 유사하였으나 적응 자원에서는 남성성이 여성성보다 더 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 끝으로 남학생은 남성성이, 여학생은 여성성이 매개하여 적응에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났는데 이러한 결과는 성과 정체감에 따라 지도방향이 달라야 함을 제안하며 진취적이고 도전적인 정신의 중요함을 보여준다.

키워드

대학생;적응;성별;성역할 정체감;남성성;여성성

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