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부사관의 성격 5요인과 소진과의 관련성

The Relationship between Big Five Personality Factors and Burnout in Non-commissioned Officers

  • 이자영 (한양사이버대학교 상담심리학과)
  • Lee, Jayoung (Counseling Psychology Department of Hanyangcyber University)
  • 투고 : 2018.03.30
  • 심사 : 2018.06.20
  • 발행 : 2018.06.28

초록

본 연구의 목적은 부사관의 성격 5요인과 소진 간의 관련성을 알아보는 것이다. 이를 위해 부사관 182명을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하고 이를 분석하였다. 먼저 부사관의 소진정도를 알아본 결과, 소진의 하위요인인 탈진, 냉담, 성취감 저하 중 탈진이 가장 높고, 성취감 저하가 가장 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 20대와 30대 부사관들이 40대 이상 부사관들에 비해 소진(전체)과 소진의 하위요인인 냉담이 심한 것으로 나타났다. 다음으로 성격 5요인 중 어느 요인이 소진에 더 많이 설명하는 지 분석하기 위해 중다회귀분석과 다변량다중회귀분석을 하였다. 그 결과, 소진(전체)에는 외향성과 친밀성이, 소진의 하위요인인 탈진, 냉담, 성취감 저하에는 외향성이 통계적으로 유의미하게 설명하는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 부사관의 소진을 예방하기 위한 정책을 세우는 데 도움이 될 것으로 보인다. 마지막으로 본 연구가 가지고 있는 한계점을 논의하였다.

키워드

소진;성격 5요인;부사관;외향성;친밀성

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