DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity of Hot Water and Ethanol Extracts of Ricinus communis L. Leaves and Fruits

피마자(Ricinus communis L.) 잎과 열매의 열수(熱水) 및 에탄올 추출물의 항균 활성과 항산화 효능

  • 박장순 (송원대학교 뷰티예술학과)
  • Received : 2018.01.02
  • Accepted : 2018.06.20
  • Published : 2018.06.28

Abstract

RFW and RFE of castor fruit selected as part of the development of natural antimicrobials and antioxidants yielded 15.8% and 18.4% respectively. In the results of measuring the antimicrobial activity through paper disc method, the antimicrobial activity of castor fruits in ethanol extracts appeared. Especially, the activity was excellent in P. aeruginosa and S. aureus, and antimicrobial activity of C. was 1.5mm up to 16 hours. However, the proliferation of C. was observed again after 24 hours. In the MIC experiment results of RFE, S. aureus and P. aeruginosa showed 96% and 93% of antimicrobial activity, respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of RLW and castor leaf ethanol extract showed $1.8{\pm}0.6%$ and $2.1{\pm}0.7%$ free radical scavenging activity at $1000({\mu}g/m{\ell})$. This study is expected to provide basic data for the development of antimicrobial agents and antioxidants using natural products.

Keywords

Ricinus communis L.;antimicrobial;Antioxidant;Ricin;Toxic

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Songwon University

References

  1. J. O. Kim, (2013). Study of the Nail Damages after the Application of Gel Polish, Master dissertation. Young san University, Busan.
  2. H. J. Kwon & J. S. Park. (2016). The influences of Nutritional Convergent supplement on damaged nails treated by cosmetic procedure. Journal of Digital Policy & Management, 14(3), 437-443.
  3. Y. R. Kim & J. S. Park. (2016). A Study on the Influence and Utilization Level of Practical Subjects of National Hairdresser Licensing Examination on the Practical Field. Journal of Digital Policy & Management, 14(6), 449-455.
  4. S. H. Jin, Y. B. Kim & J. S. Park. (2017). A Study on Improvement Strategies According to the Inconvenience Due to Female Cancer Wearing Alopecia Wigs. Journal of Digital Policy & Management, 15(8), 417-422.
  5. D. W. Thayer, G. Boyd, A. Kim, J. B. Fox & H. M. Farrell. (1998). Fate of gamma-irradiated Listeria mono cytogenes during refregered storage on raw of cooked turkey breast meat. Journal of Food Prot. 61(3), 979-987. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-61.8.979
  6. D. H. Shin. (2003). Detection and use of antimicrobial and antioxidants from natural products. Journal of Food science and industry, 36(3), 81-89.
  7. T. J. Kim. (1996). Resources plants in Korea, Doctoral dissertation. Seoul National University, Seoul.
  8. D. S. Ounniyi. (2006). Castor oil : A vital industrial raw material. Journal of Bio resource Technology. 97(2). 1086-1091. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.03.028
  9. C. B. Lee. (1982). Korean Plant Illustrations. Seoul : Heang-Moon Sa.
  10. J. G. Kim. (1992). Natural drug metabolism. Seoul : Nam-San Dang.
  11. C. M. Kim, Mi. K. Shin & K. S. Lee. (1998). Chinese medicine medicine dictionary. Seoul : Book Publishing,
  12. G. G. Shin. (1980). Shin 's herbalism. Seoul : Su-moon Sa.
  13. R. D. Brigham. (1993). Return of an old crop. Castor.
  14. J. O. Yoon,. (1980). Studies on the preparation of food proteins from castor bean protein. Journal of Food Sci. Technol, 12(4), 263-271,
  15. M. L. Wang, J. B. Morris, R. N. Pittman, M. Chinnan & G. A. Pederson. (2008). Exploiting the USDA castor bean and peanut accession collection as a potential energy crop for bio diesel production. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. CD-ROM.
  16. J. Kim, . Y. Nam, M. J. Kim, C. W. Rho, T. Yun, H. S. Kim, H. L. Song & H. S. Jeong. (2008). Analysis of crude fat and fatty acid in collections of Ricinus communis L. Journal of Medicinal Crop Sci., 16(5), 301-305.
  17. J. H. Kim. (1999). Histological effects of ricin toxicity on liver, spleen, thymus, lung and heart of mous. Master dissertation. Kyung-Sumg University, Busan.
  18. Fodstad & S. Olsnes. (1977). Studies on the Accessability of Ribosomes to Inactivation by the Toxic Lectins Abrin and Ricin. Journal of Biocherm., 74(2), 209-215.
  19. J. M. Hyang. (2004). Effect of ricinous protein on activities of gut endocrime cells of Sprague-Dawley rat. Master dissertation. In-Jea University, Busan.
  20. J. S. Colsky & V .B. Pinto. (1990). Lectins and antibodies as tools for studing cellular interaction. Journal of mmunol. Meth, 29(2), 147-157.
  21. W. B. Park & J. Y. Park. (1999). Iosolation and Chracterization of lectin from aloe vera. Journal of Food SCI. Thchnol. 12(1), 899-905.
  22. J. M. Van Damme, J. Barre & J. Rouge, (1998). A Composite of several Distinct Families of Structurally and Evolutionary Related Proteins with Diverse Biological Roles. Journal of Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 17(6), 575-692. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689891304276
  23. I Gustafson. (2003). Inverstigating the interaction of the toxin ricin and its B-chain with immobilised glycolipids in supported phospholipid membranes by surface plasmon resonance. Journal of Colloids and Surfaces B, 30(4), 13-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-7765(03)00024-9
  24. J. M.. Lord, L. M,. Boberts & J. D, Robertus. (1994). Ricin : structure, mode of action, and some current applications. Journal of FASEB, 21(5), 201-208.
  25. Y. S. Jang & Y. H, Hahn. (2002). Epidemiology of Staphylococcus epidermidis Keratitis. Journal of Korean Ophthalmol. Soc, 43(4), 665-671.
  26. T. L. Pitt & S. Cryz. (1984). Role of lipopolysaccharide in virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Journal of Infect. Immun., 44(2), 508-513.
  27. D. H. Kim. (2010). Anti-microbial and Antioxidative Activities of Extracts from Herbal Medicine for Cosmetics. Master dissertation. Kon Kuk University, seoul.
  28. A. Bindoli. (1977). Inhibitory action of silymarin of lipid peroxide formation in rat mitochondria and microsomes. Journal of Biochem. Phamacology, 26(3), 2405-2409. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-2952(77)90449-X
  29. R. A. Samson, J, Houbraken, R. C. Summerbell, B, Flannigan & J. D. Miller. (2001). Common and important species of fungi and actinomycetes in indoor environments' Microogranisms in Home and Indoor Work Environments. CRC, 287-292.
  30. M. Abarca, M, Bragulat, G. Castella & F, Cabanes. (1994). Ochratoxin A production by strains of Aspergillus niger var. nige. Journal of Appl Environ Microbiol, 60(7), 2650.
  31. E. Schuster, N. Dunn-Coleman & J. C. Frisvad. (2002). On the safety of Aspergillus niger-a review. Journal of Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 59(4), 426-435. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-002-1032-6