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Factors Affecting the Suicidal Ideation in Spouse Caregivers of the Elderly with Dementia Living in the Community

재가치매노인 배우자의 자살생각 영향요인

  • Received : 2018.03.05
  • Accepted : 2018.06.20
  • Published : 2018.06.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine factors affecting the suicidal ideation in spouse caregivers of the elderly with dementia Living in the Community. The data were collected from 160 spouses of elderly people with dementia who use dementia support centers and long-term care service in seoul. Data were collected with structured questionnaires to investigate the general characteristics and suicidal ideation-related factors, and analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Multiple regression analysis with SPSS win version 24.0 program. The significant factors affecting suicidal ideation were entrapment(${\beta}=.452$), SDAP(${\beta}=.273$), coping strategies(${\beta}=-.199$), it were explained 55.7%(F=19.199, p<.001). Therefore, counseling and education should be provided to help reduce the entrapment and enhance coping strategy with the dementia condition of the elderly with dementia. Measures also need to be made to improve the accessibility of a spouse with dementia that are left neglected.

본 연구의 목적은 재가치매노인 배우자의 자살생각에 영향을 미치는 요인을 검토하기 위함이다. 대상자는 서울시 치매지원센터와 노인장기요양서비스를 이용하는 치매노인의 배우자 160명이다. 자료는 일반적 특성과 자살생각 영향요인을 조사하기 위해 구조화된 설문지로 수집하였다. 자료분석은 SPSS win version 24.0 프로그램을 이용하여 t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Multiple regression analysis로 분석하였다. 본 연구결과 자살생각에 영향을 주는 요인은 속박감(${\beta}=.452$), 치매상태정도(${\beta}=.273$), 그리고 대처전략 ${\beta}=-.199$)으로 설명력은 55.7%이었다(F=19.199, p<.001). 그러므로 치매노인의 치매상태에 맞추어 배우자의 속박감을 낮추고 대처전략을 높일 수 있도록 상담과 교육 등을 제공해야 한다. 또한 소외되어 있는 치매노인 배우자에 대한 접근성을 개선할 수 있는 방안이 마련되어야 할 필요가 있다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Sahmyook University

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