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Current situation and future prospects for beef production in Lao People's Democratic Republic - A review

  • Napasirth, Pattaya (Program in Animal Production Technology, Faculty of Technology, Udon Thani Rajabhat University) ;
  • Napasirth, Viengsakoun (Department of Livestock and Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, National University of Laos, Vientiane Capital)
  • Received : 2018.03.15
  • Accepted : 2018.05.01
  • Published : 2018.07.01

Abstract

Lao-native beef cattle are primarily Bos indicus, and most ruminant production in Laos is still dominated by small-scale or backyard producers that use traditional practices, resulting in low productivity. The cattle herd size in Laos has grown by an average of 5 percent per year from 1.52 million in 2010/11 to 1.81 million in 2014/15. In 2016, the Laos cattle population was 1.88 million head, with smallholder farmers representing 98% of production despite efforts by the Laos government to develop commercial-scale farms. There were 170 commercial cattle farms in 2016, with 56 percent in the Central region of Laos. Although, overall, ruminant meat production has tended to increase but with consumption at 7.29 kg/capita/yr in 2013, it remains insufficient to meet demand. Crop residues and agro-industrial by-products used in ruminant diets include rice straw, cassava pulp and wet brewers' grains as roughage, energy and protein sources, respectively. The Belt and Road Initiative proposed by China in 2013 will connect China closely with all countries in Southeast Asia. This initiative will change landlocked Laos to land linked for investors who will benefit from convenient transport at a lower cost, promoting agricultural production in Laos.

Keywords

Beef Cattle;Smallholder Farmers;Laos Cattle;Lao PDR

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