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Development of Benthic Macroinvertebrates Index (BMI) for Biological Assessment on Stream Environment

하천환경의 생물학적 평가를 위한 저서동물지수(BMI)의 개발

  • Kong, Dongsoo (Department of Life Science, Kyonggi University) ;
  • Son, Se-Hwan (Division of Basic Ecology, National Institute of Ecology) ;
  • Hwang, Soon-Jin (Department of Environmental Health Science, Konkuk University) ;
  • Won, Doo Hee (Nature Environment, Korea Ecosystem Service Inc.(KES)) ;
  • Kim, Myoung Chul (SOKN Institute of Ecology & Conservation) ;
  • Park, Jung Ho (KoreaEcoWorks Co. LTD) ;
  • Jeon, Te Su (Department of Biology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Jong Eun (Department of Biology, Andong National University) ;
  • Kim, Jong Hyun (Nature And People) ;
  • Kim, Jong Sun (Department of Biology, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Park, Jaeheung (Institute for Ecological Resource) ;
  • Kwak, Inn Sil (Department of Fisheries and Ocean Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Ham, Sun Ah (Department of Nursing, Dongkang University) ;
  • Jun, Yung-Chul (Department of Environmental Health Science, Konkuk University) ;
  • Park, Young-Seuk (Department of Biology, Kyunghee University) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Kwan (Water Environment Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Su-Woong (Water Environment Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Park, Chang-Hee (Water Environment Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Moon, Jeong-Suk (Water Environment Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Young (Water Environment Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Park, Hae Kyung (Nakdong River Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Park, Sun Jin (Department of Life Science, Kyonggi University) ;
  • Kwon, Yongju (Department of Life Science, Kyonggi University) ;
  • Kim, Piljae (Department of Life Science, Kyonggi University) ;
  • Kim, Ah Reum (Department of Life Science, Kyonggi University)
  • 공동수 (경기대학교 생명과학과) ;
  • 손세환 (국립생태원 생태기반연구실) ;
  • 황순진 (건국대학교 환경보건과학과) ;
  • 원두희 (생태조사단) ;
  • 김명철 (SOKN생태보전연구소) ;
  • 박정호 (코리아에코웍스) ;
  • 전태수 (부산대학교 생명과학과) ;
  • 이종은 (안동대학교 생명과학과) ;
  • 김종현 (엔에이피) ;
  • 김종선 (전남대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 박재흥 (생태자원연구소) ;
  • 곽인실 (전남대학교 해양기술학부) ;
  • 함순아 (동강대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 전영철 (건국대학교 환경보건과학과) ;
  • 박영석 (경희대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 이재관 (국립환경과학원 물환경연구부) ;
  • 이수웅 (국립환경과학원 물환경연구부) ;
  • 박창희 (국립환경과학원 물환경연구부) ;
  • 문정숙 (국립환경과학원 물환경연구부) ;
  • 김진영 (국립환경과학원 물환경연구부) ;
  • 박혜경 (국립환경과학원 낙동강물환경연구소) ;
  • 박선진 (경기대학교 생명과학과) ;
  • 권용주 (경기대학교 생명과학과) ;
  • 김필재 (경기대학교 생명과학과) ;
  • 김아름 (경기대학교 생명과학과)
  • Received : 2018.01.15
  • Accepted : 2018.03.13
  • Published : 2018.03.30

Abstract

The tolerance of Korean benthic macroinvertebrates to organic pollution has been analyzed since the early 1990s. However, considering the fact that there have been related studies carried out in some European countries since the early 20th century, the history of the research in Korea is very short and there is still much knowledge to supplement. We revised the saprobic valency, the saprobic value and the indicator weight value of 190 benthic macroinvertebrates taxa through the data of water quality and individual abundance collected from 7,086 sampling units in Korea from 2008 to 2014. The individual abundance of Uracanthella (Ephemeroptera) as a representative, one of the most common and abundant taxa in Korea, showed a typical lognormal distribution to 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) concentration, and a normal distribution to the class interval of BOD5 concentration according to saprobic series. The value combining the mean individual abundance and the relative frequency of occurrence was a more efficient indicator value than that of each property alone. Benthic Macroinertebrates Index (BMI) was newly proposed as a modification of the saprobic index of Zelinka and Marvan (1961). BMI showed extremely significant correlation (determination coefficient $r^2$ > 0.6, n = 569 sites) with the concentration of BOD5, and the coefficient was a little higher than those of the previous indices. Until now, there has been very little research on the assessment of biological integrity of benthic macroinvertebrates community in Korea. While continuing researches into improve the reliability of BMI, it is necessary to develop multimetric indices for evaluating the integrity, including the composition of species and functional guilds, and the richness and diversity of the community.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립환경과학원

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