DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Reduction plan of marine casualty for small fishing vessels

소형어선의 해양사고를 줄이기 위한 방안

  • PARK, Tae-Geon (Education Management Team, Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology) ;
  • KIM, Seok-Jae (Education Management Team, Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology) ;
  • CHU, Yeong-Su (Education Management Team, Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology) ;
  • KIM, Tae-Sun (Education Management Team, Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology) ;
  • RYU, Kyung-Jin (Education Management Team, Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology) ;
  • LEE, Yoo-Won (Training Ship, Pukyong National University)
  • 박태건 (한국해양수산연수원 교육운영팀) ;
  • 김석재 (한국해양수산연수원 교육운영팀) ;
  • 추영수 (한국해양수산연수원 교육운영팀) ;
  • 박태선 (한국해양수산연수원 교육운영팀) ;
  • 류경진 (한국해양수산연수원 교육운영팀) ;
  • 이유원 (부경대학교 실습선)
  • Received : 2018.03.07
  • Accepted : 2018.04.17
  • Published : 2018.05.31

Abstract

Marine casualties of small fishing vessels (SFV) of less than 20 tons are frequent in Korea. The analysis was conducted to identify the cause and then prepared reduction plan using the marine casualty statistics of fishing vessels for the last five years from 2012 to 2016 by the Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal to reduce the marine casualties of SFV. According to the analysis of the type of whole vessels occurring marine casualty, fishing vessels accounted for an average 68.0 %; moreover, except for 2014 when M/V SEWOL ferry capsizing occurred, the rate of death and missing due to marine casualties occurred from 68.3 % to 91.2 % in fishing vessels, and an average 79.5 % was found to be urgent need of a measure. Marine casualties occurrence depending on the gross tonnage of fishing vessel was found that the most occurred at less than 5 tons, followed by the order of 5 to 10 tons or less. However, crews who boarded on SFV do not have any training program for them, except for the fishing safety training of fisher who carry out fishing for shipowners and crew of the coastal and offshore fishing vessel in accordance with the safety regulations for fishing vessels in the Fisheries Cooperative Association. Therefore, it is necessary to revise the training program so as to improve the preventive action and then emergency response including the fishing safety compliance with each fishery, safe navigation, machinery inspection and emergency response. Also, an SFV of less than 5 tons of 56,000 vessels is boarded by unqualified fishers. It would also be possible to consider subdividing small boat operator's certificate to enhance their qualifications. It is expected that marine casualties of SFV will be reduced if active efforts are made to improve the safety consciousness of fisher and shipowners as well as the reorganization of fishing safety training and the small boat operator's certificate system.

Keywords

Fishing vessel;Marine casualty;Fishing safety compliance;Safe navigation;Machinery inspection;Emergency response

References

  1. Cho HK, Park BS, Kang DH and Kim SS. 2017. The main factor and counterplan for marine accidents in Korea. J Fish Mar Sci Edu 29(3), 746-756. (DOI: 10.13000/JFMSE.2017.29.3.746) https://doi.org/10.13000/JFMSE.2017.29.3.746
  2. Choi JH, Kim WR, Jang KS and Park JC. 2006. A study for a reduction of machinery damage on fishing vessels. J Kor Ship Safety Technology Authority. 21, 51-65.
  3. Japan Coast Guard (JCG). 2018. Statistical data of marine accidents and casualty. Retrieved from http://www.kaiho.mlit.go.jp/doc/hakkou/toukei/toukei.html. Accessed 14 Feb 2018.
  4. Jung CH, Park YS, Kim JS and Kim SW. 2012. A study on the cause analysis for the capsizing accident in fishing Vessels. J Fish Mar Sci Edu 24(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.13000/JFMSE.2012.24.1.001
  5. Kang CG and Ko CD. 1995. Analysis and counter measure for the casualty of ship at sea. J Soc Mar Saf 1(1), 57-61.
  6. Kang IK, Kim HS, Kim JC, Park BS, Ham SJ and OH IH. 2013. Study on the marine casualties in Korea. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 49(1), 29-39. (DOI: 10.3796/KSFT.2013.49.1.029) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2013.49.1.029
  7. Kang IK, Kim HS, Shin HI, Lee YW, Kim JC and Kim HJ. 2007. Safety countermeasures for the marine casualties of fishing vessels in Korea. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 43(2), 149-159. https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2007.43.2.149
  8. Kim WR, Choung KG and Lee SH. 2008. The study for improving main engine utilization by analysis of actual condition for small fishing boat. J Korean Ship Safety Technology Authority. 24, 21-37.
  9. Kim WR, Choung KG and Lee KD. 2009. Researches in the improvement of safety management system for the fishing vessel. J Korean Ship Safety Technology Authority. 26, 47-59.
  10. Kim SH, Kang IK, Kim HS and Kim YS. 2017. An analysis on marine casualties of fishing vessel by FTA method. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 53(4), 430-436. (DOI: 10.3796/KSFT.2017.53.4.430) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2017.53.4.430
  11. Kim Sk and Kang JP. 2011. A study on the relationships between the casualties of fishing boats and meteorological factors. J Fish Mar Sci Edu 23(3), 351-60.
  12. Kim WS, Lee JH, Kim SJ, Kim HS and Lee YW. 2013. A basic study on control factor for the marine casualties of fishing vessels in Korea. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 49(1), 40-50. (DOI: 10.3796/KSFT.2013.49.1.040) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2013.49.1.040
  13. Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal (KMST). 2007. Legal position of jig boat on the navigation rule. report of working group on the committee of written verdict annotation. 2, 11-16.
  14. Korea Maritime Safety Tribunal (KMST). 2017. Statistical data of marine accidents and casualty. Retrieved from https://data.kmst.go.kr/kmst/statistics/annualReport/selectAnnualReportList.do#a. Accessed 20 Dec 2017.
  15. Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). 2018. Statistical data of registered fishing vessel. Retrieved from https://www.mof.go.kr/statPortal/cate/statView.do. Accessed 22 Jan 2018.
  16. Lee SK and Kim SY. 2003. Research on the pragmatic countermeasure to prevent marine accidents of small fishing vessels. Report of Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. 62, 1-94.
  17. Lee YW, Cho YB, Kim SK, Kim SJ, Park TG, Park TS, Kim HS and Ryu KJ. 2016. Hazard analysis for the fishermen's safety in offshore trawler using insurance proceeds payment of NFFC. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 52(3), 241-247. (DOI: 10.3796/KSFT.2016.52.3.241) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2016.52.3.241
  18. Lee YW, Cho YB, Kim SK, Kim SJ, Park TG, Ryu KJ and Kim WS. 2013. Hazard assessment for the fishermen's safety in offshore large powered purse seiner using insurance proceeds payment of NFFC in 2013. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 51(2), 188-194. (DOI: 10.3796/KSFT.2015.51.2.188) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2015.51.2.188
  19. Lee YW, Cho YB, Kim SK, Kim SJ, Park TG, Ryu KJ and Kim WS. 2015. Hazard factors assessment for the fishermen's safety on the vessel of offshore stow nets on anchor using insurance proceeds payment of NFFC. J Fish Mar Sci Edu 27(4), 1129-1135. (DOI: 10.13000/JFMSE.2015.27.4.1129) https://doi.org/10.13000/JFMSE.2015.27.4.1129
  20. Lee YW, Kim SJ, Park TG, Park TS, Kim HS and Ryu KJ. 2016. A basic study on the introduction of safety management system for the deep-sea fishing vessel in Korea. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 52(4), 364-371. (DOI: 10.3796/KSFT.2016.52.4.364) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2016.52.4.364
  21. Park BS and Ahn YS. 2007. Statistical analysis of marine accidents by ANOVA. J Korean Soc Mar Envir Safety 13, 191-198.
  22. Park BS and Kang IK. 1995. The primary factors of marine casualties and the counterplan for promotion of marine safety. J Fish Mar Sci Edu 7(2), 173-181.
  23. Park BS, Kang IK, Ham SJ and Park CW. 2014. The main factor and counterplan for marine casualties of fishing vessel according to the type of fishing job in Korea. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 50(3), 252-261. (DOI: 10.3796/KSFT.2014.50.3.252) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2014.50.3.252
  24. Park BS, Kang IK, Ham SJ, Park CW, Kim SH and Cho HK. 2016. The main factor and counterplan for marine casualties of fishing vessel according to the type of fishing gear in Korea. J Korean Soc Fish Technol 52(3), 232-240. (DOI: 10.3796/KSFT.2016.52.3.232) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2016.52.3.232