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개인의 가치관과 공공도서관 이용간의 관계성 분석

Personal Values and their Relationships with Public Library Use

  • 권나현 (명지대학교 문헌정보학과)
  • 투고 : 2018.04.19
  • 심사 : 2018.05.18
  • 발행 : 2018.05.31

초록

본 연구의 목적은 공공도서관 이용자들이 지향하는 가치관이 그들의 공공도서관 서비스 이용과 어떤 관계가 있는지 밝히는 것이다. 개인의 가치관은 Schwartz의 보편적 가치이론에서 개발된 PVQ-21의 총 21문항을 사용하여 측정하였다. 연구방법으로 설문조사법을 사용하여 전국의 18세 이상 성인 1,000명으로부터 수집한 설문응답을 다차원척도법, t-검증, 다중상관관계분석법으로 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 현재 우리나라 공공도서관은 공동체나 자신을 둘러싼 사회 공동의 발전을 가치있게 생각하는 개인들 보다는 자기 자신의 개인적 흥미와 새로움을 발견하고 즐거움을 추구하려는 가치가 강한 개인들에 의해 이용되는 경향이 강한 것으로 나타났다. 공공도서관이 제공하는 서비스가 독서, 교육지원 등 개인적 성격이 강한 활동이 주류를 이루므로, 공동체적 성향보다 개인주의적 성향이 강한 개인이 도서관을 더 활용하도록 기여하고 있는 것으로 파악되었다. 본 연구결과는 그간 공공도서관 이용을 설명하는 변인으로 연구된 바 없었던 개인의 가치관을 조사하였다는데 의의가 있다. 본 연구 결과는 개인의 가치 지향성과의 상관성 속에서 파악된 공공도서관의 현재의 기능과 이용을 이해하는데 기여한 동시에, 본 연구에서 상대적으로 약하게 드러난 공동체적 성격에 대해 더 세심히 살펴 볼 필요성을 제기해 준다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국연구재단

참고문헌

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