DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Personal Values and their Relationships with Public Library Use

개인의 가치관과 공공도서관 이용간의 관계성 분석

  • 권나현 (명지대학교 문헌정보학과)
  • Received : 2018.04.19
  • Accepted : 2018.05.18
  • Published : 2018.05.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between public library use and the individual's personal value system. The personal value system was measured by Schwartz's (1992) Theory of Basic Human Values. The theory includes ten universal values, which can be categorized into four higher-order values: namely, self-transcendence vs. self-enhancement; and openness to change vs. conservation. The data were collected on the web from 1,000 Korean adults who were 18 years old or above using a quota sampling method with respect to the distributions of gender, age, and geographic locations of the general Korean adult population. The collected data were analyzed using multi-dimensional scaling method, t-tests, and multiple correlations. The results showed that the public library is more likely to be used by the individuals who value "openness to change" (representing self-direction and stimulation), and "self-enhancement"(representing achievement, power, hedonism/sensuous pleasure) than those who value "conservation" (representing safety, stability of society, conformity to rules, tradition) and "self-transcendence" (representing interest in other's well-being, and tolerance, welfare of humanity and community). The findings suggest that public library uses reflect the characteristics of major library services, such as reading and self-learning, which are very autonomous and individualistic in their nature. The findings are valuable in understanding the nature of the functions performed by the current Korean public libraries that are reflected in the personal values of Korean adult library users.

Keywords

Schwartz;Theory of Basic Human Values Personal Values;Public Library Use;Schwartz;Theory of Basic Human Values

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

References

  1. Kwon, Nahyun and Song, Kyeong-Jin. 2014. "Extending the Validity of the Schwartz's Universal Value Theory: The Case of Korean University Students." Journal of the Korean Biblia Society for Library and Information Science, 25(4): 291-312. https://doi.org/10.14699/kbiblia.2014.25.4.291
  2. Kim, Yeon-Shin and Choi, Han-Na. 2009. "A National Study Explaining the Public, Library Use among Korean Adults: Examining the Influence of Individual Characteristics, Local Library Inputs, and Local Government Investments." Journal of the Korean Social and Personality Psychology, 23(1): 1-16.
  3. The Presidential Committee on the Library and Information Policy. 2014. The Second Comprehensive Library Advancement Plan 2014-2018. Seoul: The Presidential Committee on the Library and Information Policy.
  4. Park, Ok-Wha. 2007. "A Study on the Elderly of Public Libraries in Daejeon Metropolitan City." Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society, 38(1): 375-396. https://doi.org/10.16981/kliss.38.1.200703.375
  5. Shim, Mi-Seon, Kim, Eun-Mee and Rhee, June-Woong. 2008. "Lifestyle, Multiple Media Use, and Cross-media Genre Use." Journal of the Korean Society and Journalism, 52(6): 189-216.
  6. Lee, Kyeong-Ran. 2013. "A Study on Public Library Management Improvement with Use Survey." Journal of the Korean Biblia Society for Library and Information Science, 24(2): 5-20. https://doi.org/10.14699/KBIBLIA.2013.24.2.005
  7. Lee, HeuiSoo and Kim, Giyeong. 2014. "Study on the Needs of Local Residents for Library Services based on Community Characteristics: Focusing on Three Types of Local Communities." Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management, 31(1): 207-230. https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2014.31.1.207
  8. Choi, Hee-Kon. 2009. "An Analysis of Impact Factors on the Number of Users of Public Libraries." Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management, 26(4): 129-145. https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2009.26.4.129
  9. Republic of Korea. Ministry of Health & Welfare. 2008. National Children Survey. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  10. Republic of Korea. Ministry of Gender Equality & Family. 2011. National Youth Survey. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  11. Korea Land & Housing Corporation. 2014. City Planning Survey. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  12. Republic of Korea. Statistics Korea. 2010. 2010 Population and Housing Census Report. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  13. Bertot, J. C. et al. 2011. 2010-2011 Public Library Funding and Technology Access Survey: Survey Findings and Report. College Park, Md: Information Policy & Access Center, University of Maryland College Park.
  14. Davidov, E., Schmidt, P. and Schwartz, S. H. 2008. "Bringing Values Back In: The Adequacy of the European Social Survey to Measure Values in 20 Countries." Public Opinion Quarterly, 72(3): 420-445. https://doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfn035
  15. Hofstede, G. 1980. Culture's Consequences: International Differences in Work-related Values. Beverly Hills: Sage.
  16. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). 2001. The Public Library Service: The IFLA/UNESCO Guidelines for Development. Munchen: Saur.
  17. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). 2005. Alexandria Manifesto on Libraries. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  18. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). 2013. Draft International Standard ISO/DIS 16439. Methods and Procedures for Assessing the Impact of Libraries. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  19. Jaeger, P. et al. 2011. "Describing and Measuring the Value of Public Libraries: The Growth of the Internet and the Evolution of Library Value." First Monday, 16(11). [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  20. Kwon, N. and Zweizig, D. 2006. "Use of Community Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs): Explaining the Use of Community Networks with Demographic Factors, Psychological Factors and Alternative Service Accessibility." Library Quarterly, 76(1): 81-106. https://doi.org/10.1086/504346
  21. Lance, K. C. et al. 2001. Counting on Results: New Tools for Outcome-based Evaluation of Public Libraries. Aorora: Bibliographic Center for Research. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  22. Linley, R. and Usherwood, B. 1998. New Measures for the New Library: A Social Audit of Public Libraries. London: British Library Board. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  23. McClure, C. and Bertot, J. 1998. Public Library Use in Pennsylvania: Identifying Uses, Benefits and Impacts. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania State Department of Education.
  24. Schrader, A. M. and Brundin, M. R. 2012. National Values Profile of Canadian Libraries: Report to CLA Executive Council. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  25. Schwartz, S. H. 1992. "Universals in the Content and Structure of Values: Theory and Empirical Tests in 20 Countries." Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25: 1-65.
  26. Schwartz, S. H. 1994. "Are There Universal Aspects in the Content and Structure of Values?" Journal of Social Issues, 50: 19-45.
  27. Schwartz, S. H. 2012. "An Overview of the Schwartz Theory of Basic Values." Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2(1). [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.] https://doi.org/10.9707/2307-0919.1116
  28. Shera, J. 1970. Sociological Foundations of Librarianship. New York: Asia Publication.
  29. Sin, Sei-Ching J. 2014. "Demographic Differences in Perceived Outcomes of U.S. Public Libraries." In Proceedings of the 6th international Conference Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries International Conference, Tuesday 27-Friday 30 May 2014, Kadir Has Campus. Kadir Has Caddesi, Istanbul. [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  30. "The Tree of Knowledge," 2011. American History, 46(1). 11. Quoted in Jaeger, P. et al. 2011. "Describing and Measuring the Value of Public Libraries: The Growth of the Internet and the Evolution of Library Value." First Monday, 16(11). [online] [cited 2018. 4. 15.]
  31. Vakkari, P. and Serola, S. 2012. "Perceived Outcomes of Public Libraries." Library & Information Science Research, 34(1): 37-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lisr.2011.07.005
  32. Zweizig, D. and Dervin, B. 1977. "Public Library Use, Users, Uses: Advances in Knowledge of Characteristics and Needs of the Adult Clientele of American Public Libraries." Advances in Librarianship, 7: 232-255.