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New Insights into the Role of E2s in the Pathogenesis of Diseases: Lessons Learned from UBE2O

  • Hormaechea-Agulla, Daniel (Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center) ;
  • Kim, Youngjo (Soonchunhyang Institute of Medi-bio Science, Soonchunhyang University) ;
  • Song, Min Sup (Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center) ;
  • Song, Su Jung (Soonchunhyang Institute of Medi-bio Science, Soonchunhyang University)
  • Received : 2018.01.06
  • Accepted : 2018.03.13
  • Published : 2018.03.31

Abstract

Intracellular communication via ubiquitin (Ub) signaling impacts all aspects of cell biology and regulates pathways critical to human development and viability; therefore aberrations or defects in Ub signaling can contribute to the pathogenesis of human diseases. Ubiquitination consists of the addition of Ub to a substrate protein via coordinated action of E1-activating, E2-conjugating and E3-ligating enzymes. Approximately 40 E2s have been identified in humans, and most are thought to be involved in Ub transfer; although little information is available regarding the majority of them, emerging evidence has highlighted their importance to human health and disease. In this review, we focus on recent insights into the pathogenetic roles of E2s (particularly the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2O [UBE2O]) in debilitating diseases and cancer, and discuss the tantalizing prospect that E2s may someday serve as potential therapeutic targets for human diseases.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas, Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, NRF, KHIDI

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