DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Designation Properties of Ramsar Site for 20 Years in Korea

20년간의 우리나라 Ramsar Site 지정 특성 연구

  • Yeum, Jung-Hun (National Wetlands Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Hwan (National Wetlands Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Hyun-Ju (National Wetlands Center, National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • 염정헌 (국립환경과학원 국립습지센터) ;
  • 이정환 (국립환경과학원 국립습지센터) ;
  • 이현주 (국립환경과학원 국립습지센터)
  • Received : 2018.04.20
  • Accepted : 2018.05.25
  • Published : 2018.05.31

Abstract

This study aimed to provide fundamental data for enlargement strategy of Ramsar site through the analysis of designation properties about 22 sites which has been registered for 20 years since Yongneup (Mt. Daeam) was designated as the first Ramsar site in Korea. Designation properties were analyzed on the basis of Ramsar Information Sheet and ecological properties was mainly analyzed in relation to designation criteria. Designation of Ramsar wetland was concentrated before and after Changwon Congress in 2008 and in terms of area 11 sites are below $1km^2$ and 5 sites are above $10km^2$. The average number of applied designation criteria was 2.86 and Criterion 2 (threaten species), Criterion 1 (representativeness and rareness of wetland type) and Criterion 3 (biodiversity) are mainly applied. In terms of protection species, internationally recognized species were 18 species on IUCN redlist, 12 species on CITES and 13 species on CMS, and nationally recognized species were 76 species on endangered species designated by Ministry of Envirionment, 83 speceis on national redlist and 71 speceis on endemic species respectively.

References

  1. Amezaga, J. M., Santamaria, L., Green, A. J., 2002, Biotic wetland connectivity-supporting a new approach for wetland policy, Acta Oecol., 23, 213-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1146-609X(02)01152-9
  2. Chen, L. Y., 2001, Cost savings from properly managing endangered species habitats, NAT. AREA. J., 21, 197-203.
  3. Cho, Y. H., Han, Y. G., Park, S. J., Park, Y. J., Kim, Y. J., Choi, M. J., Nam, S. H., 2011, A Survey on insect diversity of Mulyeongari-Oreum wetland, on Jeju Island, South Korea, Kor. J. Env. Eco., 25, 526-539.
  4. CITES, 2017, https://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php.
  5. CMS, 2017, https://www.cms.int/en/page/appendix-i-ii-cms.
  6. Darwall, W. R. T., Vie, J. C., 2005, Identifying important sites for conservation of freshwater biodiversity: Extending the species-based approach, Fish. Manage. Ecol., 12, 287-293. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2400.2005.00449.x
  7. Dudley, N., 2004, Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories, Gland, Switzerland.
  8. Eken, G., Bennun, L., Brooks, T. M., Darwall, W., Fishpool, K. D. C., Foster, M., Knox, D., Langhammer, P., Matiku, P., Radford, E., Salaman, P., Sechrest, W., Smith, M. L., Spector, S., Tordoff, A., 2004, Key biodiversity areas as site conservation targets, Bioscience, 54, 1110. https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[1110:KBAASC]2.0.CO;2
  9. Finlayson, C. M., D'Cruz, R., Davidson, N., 2005, Ecosystems and human well-being : Wetlands and Water. Synthesis.(Millennium Ecosystem Assessment), World Resources Institute, Washington D.C., U.S.A..
  10. Fletcher, S., Saunders, J., Herbert, R., Roberts, C., Dawson, K., 2011, Description of the ecosystem services provided by broad-scale habitats and features of conservation importance that are likely to be protected by marine protected areas in the marine conservation zone project area, Natural England, Peterborough, UK.
  11. IUCN Redlist, 2015, http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  12. Kafle, G., Savillo, I. T., 2009, Present status of Ramsar sites in Nepal, Int. J. Biodivers. Conser., 1, 146-150.
  13. Kim, H. K., 2008, The significance, The limits and the tasks of the ramsar convention, Environmental Law Review, 30, 205-228.
  14. Lee, J. J., Lee, J. H., 2009, Dynamics of the Phytoplankton Community in Upo Wetland, Korean J. Limnol., 42, 232-241.
  15. National Institute of Biological Resources, 2017, https://species.nibr.go.kr/index.do.
  16. Noh, K. H., Kim, J. H., Chung, Y. C., 1991, Species composition and dynamics of phytoplankton community in Dong Cheon and Isa Cheon Flowed into Suncheon Bay, Korean J. Limnol., 24, 153-163.
  17. Rmasar secretariat, 2007, Handbook 14: Designating Ramsar sites, Gland, Switzerland.
  18. Rmasar secretariat, 2015a, Strategic framework and guidelines for the future development of the list of wetlands of international importance of the conventioin on wetlands(RSIS edition), Gland, Switzerland.
  19. Rmasar secretariat, 2015b, https://www.ramsar.org/search?search_api_views_fulltext=ramsar+strategic+plan.
  20. Ramsar Sites Information Service, 2017a, https://rsis.ramsar.org/ris-search/Rep.%20of%20Korea?pagetab=2&f%5B0%5D=regionCountry_en_ss%3AAsia.
  21. Ramsar Sites Information Service, 2017b, https://rsis.ramsar.org/ris-search/Rep.%20of%20Korea?pagetab=2.
  22. Ramsar Sites Information Service, 2017c, https://rsis.ramsar.org/ris-search/Rep.%20of%20Korea?pagetab=1&f%5B0%5D=regionCountry_en_ss%3AAsia&f%5B1%5D=regionCountry_en_ss%3ARepublic%20of%20Korea.
  23. Tilton, D. L., Shaw, K., Ballard, B., Thomas, W., 2001, A Wetland protection plan for the lower one subwatershed of the Rouge river, Aquat. Bot., 28, 227-242.
  24. Tolentino Jr., A. S., 2007, Wetland cultural heritage in the pacific, International Review for Environmental Strategies, 7, 155-162.
  25. Van Asselen, S., Verburg, P. H., Vermaat, J. E., Janse, J. H., 2013, Drivers of Wetland Conversion: A Global Meta-Analysis, PLoS ONE, 8, e81292. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081292
  26. Yeum, J. H., Han, B. H., Lee, K. J., 2010, A Study on designation potential as ramsar site and management method of massive scale of wetland-A Case of Jang Hang Estuary Wetland, Han River, Korea, Kor. J. Env. Eco., 24, 249-257.
  27. Yoon, I. J., 2013, Legal Issues for the Wise Use of Wetlands in Korea, Env. L. P., 10, 191-218.