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A Development of Evaluation Indicators for Performance Improvement of Horticultural Therapy Garden

원예치료정원의 성능개선을 위한 평가지표 개발

  • Ahn, Je-Jun (Green Care Center) ;
  • Park, Yool-Jin (Dept. of Ecology Landscape Architecture Design, Chonbuk National Unversity)
  • 안제준 (그린케어센터) ;
  • 박율진 (전북대학교 생태조경디자인학과)
  • Received : 2018.11.22
  • Accepted : 2018.12.17
  • Published : 2018.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to develop evaluation indicators forperformance improvement of horticultural therapy garden. In order to achieve a therapeutic purpose, the gardening activity held by the trained horticultural therapist. Moreover, horticultural therapy is 'a medical model' for the treatment and basic premise of the research was set, as horticultural therapy garden is characterized area to support activities of patients and horticultural therapist functionally and efficiently. For this study, three times of Delphi and AHP techniques were proceeded to export panels who were recruited by purposive sampling. Through these techniques, it was possible to deduct the evaluation indicator which maximizes the performance of the horticultural therapy garden. The evaluation items were prioritized by typing and stratification of the indicator. The results and discussions were stated as followings. Firstly, a questionnaire of experts was conducted to horticultural therapists and civil servants who were in charge of horticultural therapy. As results(horticultural therapists: 87.8%, civil servants: 75.2%), It is possible to conclude that both positions have the high recognition and agreed on the necessity of horticultural therapy. Secondly, Delphi investigation was conducted three times in order to develop the evaluation indicator for performance evaluation. After Delphi analysis, total 34 of evaluation elements to improve the performance of the horticultural therapy garden by reliability and validity analysis results. Thirdly, AHP analysis of each evaluation indicator was conducted on the relative importance and weighting. Moreover, the results showed 'interaction between nature and human' as the most important element, and in order of 'plan of the program', 'social interaction', 'sustainable environmental', and 'universal design rule', respectively. On the other hand, the exports from the university and research institute evaluated the importance of 'interaction between nature and human', while horticultural therapists chose 'plan of the program' as the most important element. Fourthly, the total weight was used to develop weight applied evaluation indicator for the performance evaluation of the horticultural therapy garden. The weight applying to evaluation index is generally calculated multiply the evaluation scores and the total weight using AHP analysis. Finally, 'the evaluation indicator and evaluation score sheet for performance improvement of the horticultural therapy garden' was finally stated based on the relative order of priority between evaluation indicators and analyzing the weight. If it was deducted the improvement points for the efficiency of already established horticultural therapy garden using the 'weight applied evaluation sheet', it is possible to expand it by judging the importance with the decision of the priority because the item importance decided by experts was reflected. Moreover, in the condition of new garden establishment, it is expected to be helpful in suggesting ways for performance improvement and in setting the guidelines by understanding the major indicators of performance improvement in horticultural therapy activity.

Table 1. Period and Method of Collecting Questionaries for Delphi and AHP Surveys

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Table 2. General Features of Expert Groups for Delphi Survey

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Table 3. Theory and Basis of Evaluation Indices for Performance Evaluation of Horticultural Therapy Garden

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Table 4. Reliability Analysis of the Results from the 2nd Delphi Survey

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Table 5 Results of the 3rd Delphi Analysis

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Table 6. Composite Weighted Scores of Evaluation Factors for Each Professional Area

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Table 7. Weighted Evaluation Indicators

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