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마음챙김 훈련이 중등교사의 직무스트레스와 소진, 교사효능감에 미치는 영향

The Effect of Mindfulness Training on the Job Stress, Burnout, Teacher Efficacy of Middle School and High School Teachers

  • 김태균 (전남대학교 교육학과) ;
  • 문정순 (송원대학교 심리치료학과)
  • 투고 : 2018.02.15
  • 심사 : 2018.04.20
  • 발행 : 2018.04.28

초록

본 연구는 마음챙김 훈련이 중등교사의 직무스트레스와 소진, 교사효능감에 주는 영향을 살펴보기 위해 실시하였다. G시 소재 중학교 및 고등학교 현직 교사 24명을 실험집단과 통제집단으로 나누어 훈련 프로그램을 시행하였다. 사전, 사후, 추후 세 시점에서 중등교사의 직무스트레스, 소진, 교사효능감을 측정하여 자료를 분석하였다. 마음챙김 훈련 프로그램의 효과를 검증하기 위해 시점과 집단 간의 상호작용 효과를 혼합변량(Mixed ANOVA)으로 분석하였다. 그 결과, 직무스트레스, 소진, 교사효능감에서 시점과 집단 간에 상호작용 효과가 유의함을 보여주었다. 또한 프로그램 효과의 지속성을 검증하기 위하여 실시 후 1개월 뒤의 효과를 대응표본 t-검정으로 분석한 결과 프로그램 효과가 지속된 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 중등교사의 직무스트레스 및 소진을 예방하고 업무를 효율적으로 수행할 수 있는 방법 중의 하나로서 마음챙김 훈련이 유의미함을 밝혔다는데 그 의의가 있다.

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