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Assistant device development and effects for promotion of bag-valve-mask ventilation

백-밸브-마스크 환기증진을 위한 보조기구 개발 및 효과

  • Kwon, Chan-Yang (Department of Paramedic Science, Korea National University of Transportation) ;
  • Lee, In-Soo (Department of Paramedic Science, Korea National University of Transportation)
  • 권찬양 (한국교통대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 이인수 (한국교통대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2018.03.15
  • Accepted : 2018.04.15
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an assistant device for the promotion of bag-valve-mask ventilation based on a non-equivalent control group pre-test and post-test design. Methods: The experimental tool was a mask assistance device developed by the researchers. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 with the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) evaluation program from August 18 to 30, 2016. The research tools included general, hand-related, and ventilation-related characteristics. Results: Before and after using the mask assistance device, the tidal volume increased by 64 mL (p<.001) from 461.76 mL to 525.86 mL. The tidal volume for control was 477.86 mL, and there was a statistical difference (p<.05). The ventilation frequency in device users was 10 times per minute for a total of 20 ventilations with before 10.65 after 10 times, and that of the control group was before 10.36 times after 10 times; there was no difference in both groups(p>.05). The accuracy of the assistance device was $81.72{\pm}30.86%$, which was a very high value. However, the accuracy of ventilation in the control group with no assistance device was $18.97{\pm}32.44%$, which was a very low accuracy rate. Conclusion: This study's results suggested utilizing the newly-developed mask assistance device in CPR, and showed increases in tidal volume and accuracy of ventilation using the bag-valve-mask ventilation equipment. The general and hand-related characteristics did not have any effect, so the use of the device proved to increase the efficacy in all users.

Keywords

Bag-valve-mask;Ventilation;Mask assistance device

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