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Influencing factors of prevention practices against infection exposure among emergency medical technicians in emergency rooms

응급실 응급구조사의 감염노출 예방행위 수행정도에 영향을 미치는 요인

  • Sim, Kyung-Yul (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Konyang University) ;
  • Kim, Jee-Hee (Department of Emergency Medical Services, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Hyo-Cheol (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Honam University) ;
  • Kim, Chul-Tae (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Konyang University)
  • 심경율 (건양대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 김지희 (강원대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 이효철 (호남대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 김철태 (건양대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2018.03.16
  • Accepted : 2018.04.15
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influencing factors of prevention practices against infection exposure among emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in emergency rooms. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 100 EMTs in emergency rooms from June 1 to August 31, 2017. The questionnaire consisted of items concerning the defensive environment for the prevention of infection exposure, perception of preventive behavior, and degree of performance of preventive actions against infection based on a five-point Likert scale. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2$ test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and linear regression. Results: The defensive environment for the prevention of infection exposure was 4.12. The perception of preventive action was 4.71, and the degree of performance of preventive actions against infection was 4.54. There was a significant relationship between the degree of performance of preventive actions against infectious exposures and the degree of perception of preventive behavior(r=.506, p=.01) and prevention of infectious exposure(r=.506, p=.01). The protective environment(B=.360, t=3.236, p=.002) and perceived level (B=.904, t=4.662, p=.000) were influenced by the degree of prevention of infection exposure. Conclusion: It is important to manage the protection environment for infection exposure prevention and to enhance the awareness of infection prevention actions against infection exposure among the EMTs in emergency rooms.

Keywords

Emergency medical technician (EMT);Infection exposure;Prevention;Influencing factors

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