DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Design Method of Three-phase IPMSM and Clamping Force Control of EMB for High-speed Train

고속철도차량의 EMB 적용을 위한 3상 IPMSM의 설계 및 제동압부력 제어

  • Baek, Seung-Koo (Advanced Railroad Vehicle Division, Korea Railroad Research Institute) ;
  • Oh, Hyuck-Keun (Advanced Railroad Vehicle Division, Korea Railroad Research Institute) ;
  • Kwak, Min-ho (Advanced Railroad Vehicle Division, Korea Railroad Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Seog-Won (Advanced Railroad Vehicle Division, Korea Railroad Research Institute)
  • 백승구 (한국철도기술연구원 차세대철도차량본부) ;
  • 오혁근 (한국철도기술연구원 차세대철도차량본부) ;
  • 곽민호 (한국철도기술연구원 차세대철도차량본부) ;
  • 김석원 (한국철도기술연구원 차세대철도차량본부)
  • Received : 2018.01.22
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

This paper proposes a design method for a 3-phase interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) and clamping force control method for an electro-mechanical brake (EMB) using co-simulation for a high-speed train (HST). A traditional pneumatic brake system needs much space for the compressor, brake reservoir, and air pipe. However, an EMB system uses up to 50% less space due to the use of a motor and electric wires for controlling the brake caliper. In addition, it can reduce the latency time for brake control because of the fast response and precise control. A train that has many brakes is advantageous for safety because of the control by sharing the braking force. In this paper, a driving method for a cam-shaft-type EMB is modeled. It is different from the ball-screw-type brakes that are widely used in automobiles. In addition, a co-simulation method is proposed using JMAG and Matlab/Simulink. The IPMSM was designed and analyzed with the JMAG tool, and the control system was simulated using Matlab/Simulink. The effectiveness of the co-simulation results of the mechanical clamping force and braking force was verified by comparison with the clamping force specifications of a HEMU-430X HST.

Keywords

Brake-By-Wire;BBW;Electric Mechanical Brake;EMB;Inverter;IPMSM;High-Speed-Train

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국철도기술연구원

References

  1. R. T. Bannatyne. "Advances and challenges in electronic braking control technology," SAE Technical Papers, Sep. 1998.
  2. M. Sundar, D. Plunkett. "Brake-by-Wire, Motivation and Engineering-GM Sequel," SAE Technical Papers, Jan. 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-01-3194
  3. J. S. Cheon, "Brake by wire system configuration and functions using front EWB(Electric Wedge Brake) and rear EMB(Electro-Mechanical Brake) actuators," SAE Technical Papers, Oct. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-1708
  4. J. K. Ahn, K. H. Jung, D. H. Kim, H. B. Jin, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Hwang, "Analysis of a regenerative braking system for hybrid electric vehicles using an electro-mechanical brake," International Journal of Automotive Technology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 229-234, Apr. 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-009-0027-z https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-009-0027-z
  5. M. R. A. Atia, S. A. Haggag, and A. M. M. Kamal, "Enhanced electromechanical brake-by-wire system using sliding mode controller," Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 0410031-6, Apr. 2016.
  6. C. Jo, S. Hwang, and H. Kim, "Clamping-force control for electromechanical brake," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 3205-3212, Sep. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2010.2043696 https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2010.2043696
  7. Y. H. Ki, K. J. Lee, J. S. Cheon, and H. S. Ahn, "Design and implementation of a new clamping force estimator in electro-mechanical brake systems," International Journal of Automotive Technology, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 739-745, Oct. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-013-0081-4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-013-0081-4
  8. Y. O. Lee, M. Jang, W. Lee, C. W. Lee, C. C. Chung, and Y. S. Son, "Novel clamping force control for electric parking brake systems," ELSEVIER Mechatronics, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1156-1162, Jun. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechatronics.2011.07.006 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechatronics.2011.07.006
  9. W. Hwang and K. Huh, "Fault detection and estimation for electromechanical brake systems using parity space approach," Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 0145041-7, Jan. 2015. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1115/1.4028184
  10. S. Kim and K. Huh, "Fault-tolerant braking control with integerated EMBs and regenerative in-wheel motors," International Journal of Automotive Technology, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 923-936, Apr. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-016-0090-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-016-0090-1
  11. W. Hwang, K. Han, and K. Huh, "Fault detection and diagnosis of the electromechanical brake based on observer and parity space," International Journal of Automotive Technology, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 845-851, Aug. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-012-0085-5 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-012-0085-5
  12. K. Han, I.-J. Yang, and K. Huh, "Current and Force Sensor Fault Detection Algorithm for Clamping Force Control of Electro-Mechanical Brake," Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 1145-1153, Sep. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5302/J.ICROS.2011.17.11.1145 https://doi.org/10.5302/J.ICROS.2011.17.11.1145
  13. Y.-H. Ki, H.-S. Ahn, and J. S. Cheon, "Fault-tolerant control of Emb systems," SAE Technical Papers, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 579-589, Sep. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-1795
  14. M. Sho, K. Park, M. Park, and M. Kim, "Development of a fail-safe control strategy for electro-mechanical brake system," SAE Technical Papers, Mar. 2013.
  15. M. S. Kim, S. C. Oh and S. J. Kwon, "Characteristic Test of the Electro Mechanical Brake Actuator for Urban Railway Vehicles," J. Korean Soc. Precis. Eng., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 535-540, July 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7736/KSPE.2016.33.7.535 https://doi.org/10.7736/KSPE.2016.33.7.535
  16. Y. Honda, T. Nakamura, T. Higaki, Y. Tkeda, "Motor design Cosiderations and Test Result of an Interior Permanent Magnet Syncronus Motor for Electric Vechicles," IEE Proc. of Elecric Power Application, vol. 145, no. 2, pp119-124, 1998 https://doi.org/10.1049/ip-epa:19981728
  17. T. M. Rowan and R. J. Kerhman, "A new synchronous current regulator and an analysis of current-regulated PWM inverter," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. IA-22, no. 4, pp. 678-690, July/August, 1986. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.1986.4504778