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An Exploratory Study on Acculturation of School-aged Immigrant Adolescents and Policy Support in Busan

부산지역 학령기 중도입국청소년의 문화적응과 지원방안 탐색

  • 조형숙 (서원대학교 영어교육과)
  • Received : 2018.01.29
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

Current support policies for multicultural families translate the focus on educating multicultural children from the initial adjustment of foreign-born brides. By contrast with Korean-born biracial/biethnic children of international couples, foreign-born immigrant children suffer linguistic and cultural differences. This study explores the acculturational difficulties and needs of school-aged immigrant adolescents in Busan Metropolitan city and suggests policies to meet their needs. Seventeen participants, including immigrant adolescents, immigrant parents, in-school service providers and out-school service providers, were recruited, and focus-group interviews were conducted. The major themes show that school-aged immigrant adolescents suffer from cultural/racial differences, different naming practices, linguistic differences, and age gaps. In addition, the study participants strongly call for KSL education, academic mentoring programs, career education, and education for multicultural understanding. This study suggests that future policies should be designed to support immigrant adolescents based on a diversity model beyond assimilationist approaches of adeficitmodel.

Keywords

Immigrant Adolescents;Acculturation;Deficit Model;Diversity Model;Busan Metropolitan City

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