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청소년의 스마트폰의존 변화유형분석과 방임이 자기결정성을 매개로 스마트폰의존에 미치는 영향

The Latent Class Analysis for adolescent's dependence on smartphone : Mediation Effects of self-determination in the Influence of neglect to adolescent's dependence on smartphone

  • 이경은 (경북대학교 사회복지학부) ;
  • 염동문 (창신대학교 사회복지학과)
  • 투고 : 2018.01.10
  • 심사 : 2018.04.06
  • 발행 : 2018.04.30

초록

현대 청소년은 스마트폰의 기능과 다양한 앱의 내용을 이해하는 수용력, 분석하고 평가할 수 있는 비판력, 창조적으로 다양한 정보를 이용해 소통할 수 있는 능력을 키워나가야 한다. 하지만 많은 청소년이 스마트폰을 제대로 활용하지 못하고 있다. 본 연구는 종단분석을 사용하여 청소년 스마트폰 의존의 양태에 따라 분류된 하위집단의 잠재프로파일별로 스마트폰의존에 방임과 자기결정성이 미치는 효과를 검증하였다. 분석자료는 한국아동 청소년패널조사 초4패널을 활용하였으며, 분석방법은 청소년 스마트폰의존의 변화양태에 따라 분류된 잠재프로파일별로 스마트폰의존에 부모의 방임과 자기결정성이 미치는 효과를 검증하기 위해 잠재프로파일성장분석을 적용하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 스마트폰의존 변화양상에 따른 잠재계층이 시간의 흐름에 따라 스마트폰의존 정도가 감소되는 유형과 스마트폰의존 정도가 증가되는 유형의 2가지로 분류되었다. 둘째, 스마트폰의존 감소집단은 부학력이 높고, 초기 자아존중감이 높으며, 초기 또래애착이 낮았다. 셋째, 방임의 변화양상은 스마트폰의존 감소집단이 방임이 더 증가하였다. 넷째, 스마트폰의존 감소집단에서는 방임과 스마트폰의존 사이에서 자기결정성이 완전매개효과로 분석되었지만, 스마트폰의존 증가집단에서는 자기결정성이 부분매개효과를 가지는 것으로 분석되었다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국연구재단

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