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The Mediating Effect of Nurse's Communication on the Relationship between Nursing Needs and Nursing Satisfaction in hospital patients.

입원환자가 인지하는 간호요구도와 간호만족도의 관계에 영향을 미치는 간호사 의사소통 매개효과

  • Choi, Un Jong (Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kang, Ji Sook (Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University)
  • 최운정 (원광대학교의과대학 외과학교실) ;
  • 강지숙 (원광대학교의과대학 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.01.19
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the mediating effect of nurse's communication on the relationship between nursing needs and nursing satisfaction in hospital patients. After IRB approval, this study was performed by administering questionnaires to 180 university hospital patients between April and June, 2017. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS 22.0. The average score of nurse's communication, nursing needs, and nursing satisfaction were $3.88{\pm}0.52$, $3.96{\pm}0.55$, and $3.74{\pm}0.59$ out of 5, respectively. There were significant differences in educational and therapeutic needs versus satisfaction. As for nurse's communication and nursing satisfaction, there were significant differences by patient's room. There were positive correlations among nurse's communication and nursing needs (r=.286, p<.001) as well as nurse's communication and nursing satisfaction (r=.524, p<.001), In addition, there were positive correlations between nursing needs and satisfaction (r=.488, p<.001). Nursing communication had a partial mediating effect between nursing needs and satisfaction, which showed significance in Sobel's test (Z=2.450, p=.014). Therefore, it is suggested that a continuous program for strengthening communication of hospital nurses is needed.

Keywords

Communication;Inpatient;Mediating Effect;Need;Nursing;Satisfaction

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 원광대학교

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