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Effects of Physical Activity Practice Rates and Knowledge Related to Cardiocerebrovascular Disease Prevention on Health Behavior Case Study Focusing on Middle Aged Women with Risk of Central Obesity

중심비만 위험인자를 가진 중년여성의 신체활동 실천율, 심뇌혈관질환 예방관련 지식이 건강행위에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Byeong-Ju (College of Nursing, Andong Science College, Graduate School of Hanyang University) ;
  • Hwang, Seon-Young (College of Nursing, Hanyang University)
  • 이병주 (안동과학대학교 간호학과/한양대학교 대학원) ;
  • 황선영 (한양대학교 간호학부)
  • Received : 2018.03.02
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of physical activity practice rates and knowledge related to cardiocerebrovascular disease prevention on the health behavior of middle aged women. Data were collected from Oct to Nov 2017 from 142 middle-aged women living in 24 Eup, Myeon, and Dong areas in North Gyeongsangbuk-do Province using a structured questionnaire. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The major factors influencing health behavior were found to be alcohol consumption (${\beta}=0.15$, p=0.009), diet (${\beta}=0.16$, p=0.003), vigorous intensity (${\beta}=0.14$, p=0.011), marriage (${\beta}=0.19$, p<0.001), interest in one's own health (${\beta}=0.23$, p<0.001), and health recognition (ill: ${\beta}=0.31$, p<0.001). Alcohol consumption and diet were factors of cardiocerebrovascular knowledge, vigorous intensity was a factor of physical activity practice rate, marriage and interest in one's own health were factors of general characteristics, and health recognition was a factor in health-related characteristics. Health-promotion activity was positively correlated with knowledge regarding cardiocerebrovascular disease prevention (r=0.41, p<0.001) and physical activity practice rate (r=0.44, p<0.001). It will be necessary to develop and apply practical intervention programs based on disease prevention knowledge and physical activity to enhance the health behavior of middle aged women.

Keywords

Cardiovascular disease;Cerebrovascular disease;Health behavior;Knowledge;Practice rate of physical activity

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