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The Association of Physical and Mental Function with Quality of Life among the Elderly at Care Facilities

요양시설 노인의 신체적 및 정신적 기능과 삶의 질과의 관련성

  • Lim, Young-A (Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Chungnam National University) ;
  • Shin, Taek-Soo (Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Chungnam National University) ;
  • Cho, Young-Chae (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University)
  • 임영아 (충남대학교 대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 신택수 (충남대학교 대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 조영채 (충남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2018.01.09
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between physical function (ADL, IADL) and mental function (depression, cognitive dysfunction) and quality of life in the elderly. The subjects of this study were 524 elderly people aged 65 or older who were admitted to 15 care facilities located in D metropolitan city. Data were collected through a personal interview conducted by interviewers that visited each care facility from November 2015 to January 2016. T-tests and ANOVA were used to compare the quality of life score for each independent variable, while multiple regression was used to determine the explanatory power of independent variables that affected quality of life. Quality of life was significantly lower among those of older age, lower educational level, living alone, with lower relationships with children, lower subjective health status, disability, lower ability for mastication, without regular eating habits, without regular exercise, and without regular health checkups. In addition, quality of life was significantly lower in the ADL and IADL, as well as among those with a higher depression level and lower cognitive impairment scores than their respective counterparts. The results of this study suggest that the quality of life among elderly that have been admitted to care facilities is significantly related to physical and mental functions as well as demographic characteristics, health status and health related behavioral characteristics.

Keywords

Elderly;Quality of life;Activities of daily living;Instrumental activities of daily living;Depression;Cognitive dysfunction

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