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Mediating Effects of Relief from Fatigue through Sleep and Perceived Subjective Health in the Relationship between Perceived Stress and Subjective Happiness in Middle School Who Attempted Suicide

자살시도 중학생의 스트레스와 주관적 행복감 (주관적 건강인지와 잠으로 피로회복정도의 평행다중매개모델)

  • Wi, Ok-Youn (Department of nursing, Kunsan College of Nursing) ;
  • Lee, Ji-Hyun (Department of nursing, Kunsan College of Nursing)
  • 위옥연 (군산간호대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 이지현 (군산간호대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.01.10
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the difference in the mediating effects of relief from fatigue through sleep and perceived subjective health in the relationship between perceived stress and subjective happiness in middle school students who attempted suicide. The analysis was conducted using Path analysis, the Bootstrapping method, Phantom variable and Multiple group analysis by AMOSS using the IBM SPSS 23 and IBM SPSS AMOS 23 programs with 820 middle school students who attempted suicide in the past 12 months using the raw data of the Korea Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey (2016). In the relationship between perceived stress and perceived subjective health, the indirect effect of relief from fatigue through sleep and perceived subjective health (${\beta}=-.12$, p=.003) was statistically significant. The difference in the magnitude of the two indirect effects was found to be greater for the subjective health status than for relief from fatigue through sleep (difference = .02, p=.028) and the effects were greater for the males (${\beta}=.44$, p <.001) than for the females (${\beta}=.23$, p<.001). Based on the findings, it is necessary to develop and apply an educational program that includes the factors that contribute to improving the happiness of middle school students.

Keywords

Adolescent;Attempted;Sleep;Stress;Subjective Happiness;Suicide

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