The Factors Affecting advanced Beginner-Stage Nurse's Intention of Retention

상급초보 간호사의 재직의도 영향요인

  • Kim, Yang-Sin (Department of Nursing, Daejeon Institute of Science and Technology)
  • 김양신 (대전과학기술대학교 간호학부)
  • Received : 2018.01.22
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30


The purpose of this study was to identify advanced beginner-stage nurse's intention of retention. Data were collected from May 1 to June 30 of 2017 using a structured questionnaire. Participants consisted of 150 nurses with 13 to 36 month clinical careers at a hospital located in D, C and K city, Korea. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression, using IBM SPSS WIN 20.0. The average score was 3.34 (${\pm}0.53$) for ego resilience, 2.28 (${\pm}0.44$) for sense of calling, 3.88 (${\pm}0.58$) for teamwork, 3.36 (${\pm}0.42$) for organizational culture, and 5.27 (${\pm}1.38$) for retention intention. Retention intention was positively correlated with ego resilience (r=0.211, p<0.05), sense of calling (r=0.338, p<0.001), teamwork (r=0.284, p<0.001) and organizational culture (r=0.215, p<0.01). Regression analysis revealed that sense of calling and teamwork explained 11.4% (${\beta}=0.284$, p<0.001) and 4.2% (${\beta}=0.212$ p<0.001) of the retention intention of advanced beginner-stage nurses, respectively, and these variables together explained 15.6% of the retention intention of advanced beginner-stage nurses. The results of this study will improve retention intention of advanced beginner-stage nurses and facilitate development a management program and execution strategy that helps improve sense of calling and teamwork, especially that of friendly social orientation and mutual cooperation.


Advanced beginner-stage nurse;Ego resilience;Organizational culture;Retention Intention;Sense of calling;Teamwork


Supported by : 대전과학기술대학교


  1. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Ministry of health and welfare statistical year book. (Report, No. : 11-135000-000137-10). Seoul: Government Printing office, 2013.
  2. J. O. Park, K. I. Jung, "Effects of Advanced Beginner -Stage Nurses' Sense of Calling, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment on Retention Intention," Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 137-147, 2016. DOI:
  3. J. O. Kwon, E. Y. Kim, "Impact of Unit-Level Nurse Practice Environment on Nurse Turnover Intention In the Small and Medium Sized Hospitals," Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 414-423, 2012. DOI:
  4. K. S. Jang, "A study on establishment of clinical career development model fo nurses," Unpublished doctor's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul, 2000.
  5. P. Benner, "From Novice to Expert," The American Journal of Nursing, Vol. 82, No. 3, pp. 402-407, 1982. DOI:
  6. L. S. Cowin, "The Effects of Nurses' Job Satisfaction on Retention: An Australian Perspective," The Journal of Nursing Administration, vol. 32, No. 5, pp. 283-291, 2002.
  7. E. H. Lee, K. S. Cho, H. M. Son, "A Study of Hospital Nurse's Intention to Keep Nursing Job," Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 15-27, 2014. DOI:
  8. S. M. Oh, "Impact of Teamwork Perception on Retention Intention among Emergency Room Nurses and Physicians," Unpublished master's thesis, Hanyang University, Seoul, 2016.
  9. M. J. Kim, "Effect of Nursing Oranizational Culture on Nurses' Intention of Retension," Unpublished master's thesis, Hanyang University, Seoul, 2006.
  10. J. Block, A. M. Kremen, "IQ and Ego-Resiliency: Conceptual and Empirical Connections Separteness," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 349-361, 1996. DOI:
  11. D. H. Moon, "Relationship Between Ego Resilience, Self Efficacy and Professional Self-Concept of Nurse in Early Stage Nurses," Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 646-653, 2016. DOI:
  12. B. J. Dik, B. M. Eldrige, M. F. Steger, "Development of the calling and vocation questionnaire(CVQ)," Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Boston. 2008.
  13. S. Y. Kang, H. K. Kwon, M. R. Cho, "Effects of Nurses' Teamwork on Job Satisfaction at Hospital: Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy," The Korea Contents Association, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 881-894, 2014.
  14. S. J. Han, "A study on the Relationship Between Nursing Organizational Culture and Organizational Performance," Unpublished doctor's thesis, Seoul: Ewha Womans University; 2001.
  15. Y. R. Yeun, "Job Stress, Burnout, Nursing Organizational Culture and Turnover Intention Among Nurses," Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 4981-4986, 2014. DOI:
  16. S. H. Choi, I. S. Jang, S. M. Park, H. Y. Lee, "Effects of Organizational Culture, Self-Leadership and Empowerment on Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention in General Hospital Nurses," Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 206-214, 2014. DOI:
  17. K. N. Kim, "The Effect Nursing Organizational Culture and Happiness Index on Turnover Intention among Nurses," The Korea Journal of Health Service Management, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 61-72, 2014.
  18. K. S. Park, "The Relationship Among Job Stress, Resilience and Turnover Intension of New Nurses," Unpublished Master's Thesis, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea, 2013.
  19. S. B. Im, M. K. Cho, M. L. Heo, "Factors to Affect Turnover Intention of Nurse : Focusing on Personal, Situational and Interpersonal Relation Variables," Korean Academic Society of Occupational Health Nursing, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 314-323, 2013. DOI:
  20. N. Y. Lee, S. O. Lee, J. H. Hwang, "Factors Affecting on Hospital Nurse Intention of Retention," Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 1479-1491, 2012.
  21. J. Block, A. M. kremen, "IQ and ego-resiliency: conceptual and empirical connections and separateness," J Pers Soc Psychol, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 349-361, 1996. DOI:
  22. S. K. Yoo, H. W. Shim, "Psychological Protective Factors in Resilient Adolescents in Korea," The Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 189-206, 2002.
  23. Y. R. Shim, S. K. Yoo, "Development and Validation of the Korean Version of the Calling and Vocation Questionnaire(CVQ-K)," The Korean Psychological Association, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 847-873, 2012.
  24. C. E. Larson, F. M. Lafasto, Teamwork: What must go right, what can go wrong. Newbury Park: Sage series in interpersonal. 1989.
  25. T. B. Kim, "Influence of Teamwork and Leadership on Organizational Effectiveness of Hospital Employees," Unpublished master's thesis, Inje University, Gimhae, 2006.
  26. H. M. Son, M. H. Koh, C. M. Kim, J. H. Moon, M. S. Yi, "The Male Nurses' Experiences of Adaption in Clinical Setting," Taehan Kanho HakhoeChi, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 17-25, 2003. DOI:
  27. S. H. Chen, C. M. Fu, R. H. Li, J. H. Lou, H. Y. Yu, "Relationships Among Social Support, Professional Empowerment, and Nursing, Career Development of Male Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Analysis," Western Journal of Nursing Research, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 862-882, 2012. DOI: