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Mediating Effect of Therapeutic Relationship with Mental Health Professionals in the Relation between Empowerment and Recovery of Community Dwelling Patients with a Mental Illnesst

지역사회 정신장애인의 임파워먼트와 회복 : 치료적 관계의 매개효과

  • Oh, Mi-Hwa (Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Chonbuk National University)
  • Received : 2018.01.17
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to identify the mediating effects of the therapeutic relationship with mental health professionals between empowerment and recovery in mental illness. The participants were 168 adults in two community mental health centers and three rehabilitation centers in Jeonbuk. The data were collected by structured questionnaires from April 15 to April 30, 2015 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis with the SPSS 19.0 statistical program. The mean score of empowerment for mental illness, recovery and therapeutic relationship were $60.4{\pm}10.85$, $101.8{\pm}20.70$ and $74.5{\pm}14.30$, respectively. There were significantly positive correlations between recovery in empowerment and therapeutic relationship (r=0.33, p<0.001), as well as empowerment and recovery (r=0.51, p<0.001), while there were significantly positive correlations between therapeutic relationship and recovery (r=0.55, p<0.001). Therapeutic relationship had a partial mediated effect between empowerment and recovery, which was found to be significant by the Sobel test (z=3.706, p<0.001). The results of this study can be used as basic data for development of a practical recovery-enhancing program to promote therapeutic relationships and improve empowerment in relation to therapist of the mentally disabled.

Keywords

Community Dwelling Patients;Empowerment;Mental illness;Recovery;Therapeutic relationship

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