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Case Study for the Application of PBL in Engineering School : Focused on an Artificial Intelligence Class

공과대학에서 문제중심학습 적용 사례 연구 : 인공지능 과목을 중심으로

  • Lee, Keunsoo (Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering/Computer System Institute, Hankyong National University)
  • 이근수 (한경대학교 컴퓨터공학과/컴퓨터 시스템 연구소)
  • Received : 2018.03.19
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

This thesis aims to develop PBL (Problem-Based-Learning) problems. Its goal is for some groups of students to creative their own problems and to confirm the effectiveness of PBL as they apply it to AI (Artificial Intelligence) in engineering schools. Modern industrial society needs competent people who have abilities in cooperative learning, self-controlled learning, united knowledge application, and creative problem-solving. Universities need to offer their students the opportunity to improve their problem-solving and cooperative learning abilities in order to train the competent people that society demands. PBL activity is an appropriate learning method for the accomplishment of these goals. The study subjects are 37 sophomore students in H University who are studying 'AI'. Five PBL problems were submitted to the class over a period of 15 weeks. The students wrote and submitted a reflective journal after they finished each PBL activity. In addition, they filled out a class evaluation form to assess the performances of each member when the $5^{th}$ PBL problem activity was accomplished. The study shows that the students experienced the effectiveness of PBL in many fields, such as the comprehension of the studied contents (86.48%), comprehension of cooperative learning (94.59%), authentic experience (75.67%), problem-solving skills (89.18%), presentation skills (97.29%), creativity improvement (81.08%), knowledge acquisition ability (86.48%), communication ability (97.29%), united knowledge application (78.37%), self-directed study ability (86.48%) and confidence (97.29%). Through these methods, the students were able to realize that PBL learning activities play an important role in their learning. These methods prepare and enhance their ability to think creatively, work systematically and speak confidently as they learn to become competitive engineers equipped with the knowledge and skills that modern industrial society demands.

Keywords

AI : Artificial Intelligence;Communication ability;Converging Technology;Cooperative Learning;Creativity improvement;Knowledge acquisition ability;PBL Application;Problem-solving skills;The effectiveness of PBL;United knowledge application

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