Comparison of Antioxidant Activity of Vegetable Oil by Using Adsorbents

식물성 압착오일의 흡착제에 따른 항산화 활성 비교

  • Ku, Hee-Yeon (Interdisciplinary Program of Perfume and Cosmetics, Graduate School of Chonnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Ki-Young (Interdisciplinary Program of Perfume and Cosmetics, Graduate School of Chonnam National University)
  • 구희연 (전남대학교 대학원 향장품학협동과정) ;
  • 이기영 (전남대학교 대학원 향장품학협동과정)
  • Received : 2017.12.26
  • Accepted : 2018.04.06
  • Published : 2018.04.30


This study was designed to analyze the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of various vegetable oils (pumpkin seed oil, camellia seed oil, red pepper seed oil and peanut oil) using adsorbents (active carbon, acid clay, kaolin). Their chemical composition was analyzed by GCMS. Their antioxidant activity was evaluated by measuring their DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity. After the treatment with the adsorbents, the contents of most of the fatty acids and active ingredients contained in the four kinds of vegetable oils were reduced. After the treatment with the three adsorbents, the linoleic acid and erythrodiol contents of the pumpkin seed oil were reduced. In the case of the camellia seed oil, the fatty acids content was decreased, but there was no loss of vitamin E after the acid clay treatment. The content of the compound capsaicin, which forms part of the spicy component of red pepper seed oil, was reduced by 53.33% after the acid clay treatment. The peanut oil showed the lowest loss of sitosterol compound in the group treated with active carbon. The antioxidant activity was observed to be in the order of pumpkin seed oil (kaolin>acid clay>active carbon), camellia seed oil (acid clay>kaolin>active carbon), red pepper seed oil (kaolin>acid clay>active carbon) and peanut oil (active carbon>acid clay>kaolin).


adsorbent;camellia;peanut;pumpkin;red pepper;vegetable oil


  1. T.-S. Lee, Preparation and characterization of natural fiber reinforced biocomposites from soybean protein and oil, Ph. D. dissertation, Chungnam national university, 30, 2011.
  2. Aleksandra Zielinska, Izabela Nowak, Fatty acids in vegetable oils and their importance in cosmetic industry, Chemik, 68(2), pp. 103-110, 2014.
  3. H. S. Shin, Status and development direction of domestic edible oil industry, Food science and industry, 23(2), pp. 3-12, 1990.
  4. Y. S. Oh, The Study on the adoption of the nagoya protocol on access and benefit sharing and analysis on prospection of the protocol, The journal of intellectual property, 6(3), pp. 205-237, 2011.
  5. J. H. Son, Impacts of native plant resource preservation on korean industrial economy : GSPC strategy from nagoya protocol, Master's thesis, Korea university, pp. 24-30, 2016.
  6. J. E. Kim, E. H. Kim and S. N. Park, Antibacterial activity of persicaria hydropiper extracts and its application for cosmetic material, Korean journal of microbiology and biotechnology, 38(1), pp. 112-115, 2010.
  7. Afamefuna Okoronkwo, Ayorinde O. Jeje, Studies on the efficiency of oyster shell and kaolin as adsorbents for bleaching of palm oil, Knowledge review, 26(20), pp. 15-18, 2012.
  8. B. Makhoukhi, M. A. Didi, D. Villemin and A. Azzouz, Acid activation of bentonite for use as a vegetable oil bleaching agent, Grasas y aceites, 60(4), pp. 343-349, 2009. DOI:
  9. S. K. Choi, Reduction of benzo(a)pyrene content in sesame oil by using adsorbents, Master's thesis, Seoul national university of science and technology, pp. 3-4, 2012.
  10. A. N. Chae, J. W. Shin, K. W. Cho, B. C. Lee and K. G. Song, Removal of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol in drinking water by powdered activated carbon, The korean society of civil Engineers, 37(2), pp. 475-483, 2017.
  11. J. S. Park, Effects of meso-and micro-pores of activated carbons on the adsorption of nom, Master's thesis, Soongsil university, 8, 2010.
  12. S. K. Choi, S. B. Choe and S. T. Kang, Reduction of benzo(a)pyrene content in sesame oil by using adsorbents, Journal of the korean society of food science and nutrition, 43(4), pp. 564-569, 2014. DOI:
  13. E. J. Kim, Change of nutritional composition of pumpkin seed oil by extraction and heating process, Master's thesis, Chung-ang university, pp. 4-5, 2010.
  14. M. J. Kim, S. R. Choi, Y. K. Jeon, J. S. Park, D. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, I. Y. Jeong and S. G. Lee, Effects of the change in the extraction efficiency and the fatty acid content of red pepper seed oil extraction methods, Korean journal of horticultural science and technology, 31(supple 1), 213, 2013.
  15. J. S. Yun, Effects of active carbon stirring conditions on the changes of benzo(a)pyrene contents and quality in sesame oil, Master's thesis, Chung-ang university, pp. 34-35, 2016.
  16. D. M. Jung, The contents of beneficiary components and oxidative stability of perilla seed oil obtained from roasted perilla seed with supercritical $CO_2$, press, and solvent extraction, Ph. D. dissertation, Woosuk university, 15, 2012.
  17. E. S. Kwon, The effect of clove essential oil on antioxidation and antiinflammation, Ph.D. dissertation, Daejeon university, 16, 2016.
  18. D. Y. Park, K. Y. Lee, Evaluation of the cosmeceutical activity of ethanol extracts from perilla frutescens var. acuta, Journal of the korea academia-industrial cooperation society, 18(3), pp. 513-517, 2017. DOI:
  19. Rubalya valantina S., Neelamegam P., Selective abts and dpph-radical scavenging activity of peroxide from vegetable oils, International food research Journal, 22(1), 289-294, 2015.
  20. J. B. Kim, J. M. Kim, Y. M. Lee, I. S. Baek and S. C. Lee, Antioxidant activity and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of ark shell(scapharca broughtonii), Korean journal of food and cookery science, 30(2), pp. 212-218, 2014. DOI:
  21. Meir S, J Kanner, B Akiri and S Philosoph-Hada s, Determination and involvement of aqueous educing compounds in oxidative defense systems of various senescing leaves, Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 43, pp. 1813-1819, 1995. DOI:
  22. K. M. Yoo, D. O. Kim and C. Y. Lee, Evaluation of different methods of antioxidant measurement, Food science and biotechnology, 16, pp. 177-182, 2007.