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Low incubation temperature successfully supports the in vitro bovine oocyte maturation and subsequent development of embryos

  • Sen, Ugur (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayis University) ;
  • Kuran, Mehmet (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayis University)
  • Received : 2017.07.31
  • Accepted : 2017.11.23
  • Published : 2018.06.01

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of $36.5^{\circ}C$ and $38.5^{\circ}C$ incubation temperatures on the maturation of bovine oocytes and developmental competence of embryos. Methods: In experiment 1, oocytes were maturated in bicarbonate-buffered TCM-199 for 22 hours in a humidified atmosphere of 5% $CO_2$ in the air at either $36.5^{\circ}C$ or $38.5^{\circ}C$ and nuclear maturation status were determined. In experiment 2, in vitro fertilized oocytes were allocated randomly into synthetic oviductal fluid medium with or without a mixture of 1 mM L-glutathione reduced and 1,500 IU superoxide dismutase and cultured in a humidified atmosphere of 5% $CO_2$, 5% $O_2$, and 90% $N_2$ in the air at $38.5^{\circ}C$ for 8 days. Results: There were no significant differences between incubation temperatures in terms of oocyte maturation parameters such as cumulus expansion, first polar body extrusion and nuclear maturation. Incubation temperatures during in vitro maturation had no effects on developmental competence of embryos, but supplementation of antioxidants increased (p<0.05) developmental competence of the embryos. Blastocysts from oocytes matured at $38.5^{\circ}C$ had comparatively higher inner cell mass, but low overall and trophectoderm cell numbers (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results of present study showed that maturation of bovine oocytes at $36.5^{\circ}C$ may provide a suitable thermal environment for nuclear maturation and subsequent embryo development.

Keywords

Bovine;In vitro Maturation;Culture Temperatures;Antioxidants;Embryo Development

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ondokuz Mayis University

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