Analysis of stress dispersion in bamboo reinforced wall panels under earthquake loading using finite element analysis

  • Kumar, Gulshan (College of Design, Georgia Institute of Technology) ;
  • Ashish, Deepankar K. (Department of Civil Engineering, Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology, Maharaja Agrasen University)
  • Received : 2017.09.21
  • Accepted : 2017.12.26
  • Published : 2018.04.25


Present study is mainly concerned about the idea of innovative utilization of bamboo in modern construction. Owing to its compatible mechanical properties, a beneficial effect of its use in reinforced concrete (RC) frame infills has been observed. In this investigation, finite element analyses have been performed to examine the failure pattern and stress distribution pattern through the infills of a moment resisting RC frame. To validate the pragmatic use of bamboo reinforced components as infills, earthquake loading corresponding to Nepal earthquake had been considered. The analysis have revealed that introduction of bamboo in RC frames imparts more flexibility to the structure and hence may causes a ductile failure during high magnitude earthquakes like in Nepal. A more uniform stress distribution throughout the bamboo reinforced wall panels validates the practical feasibility of using bamboo reinforced concrete wall panels as a replacement of conventional brick masonry wall panels. A more detailed analysis of the results have shown the fact that stress concentration was more on the frame components in case of frame with brick masonry, contrary to the frame with bamboo reinforced concrete wall panels, in which, major stress dispersion was through wall panels leaving frame components subjected to smaller stresses. Thus an effective contribution of bamboo in dissipation of stresses generated during devastating seismic activity have been shown by these results which can be used to concrete the feasibility of using bamboo in modern construction.


reinforced concrete frame;bamboo reinforced concrete;finite element method;Nepal;earthquake;sustainable construction;bamboo reinforcement;finite element method


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