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Teasing from Parents and Siblings about Appearance Affecting Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem of Middle School Students

  • Yoh, Eunah (Dept. of Fashion Marketing, Keimyung University)
  • Received : 2018.08.16
  • Accepted : 2018.11.30
  • Published : 2018.12.30

Abstract

In this study, it is explored whether teasing from parents and siblings about appearance of children affects body satisfaction and self-esteem of middle school students. A total of 594 adolescents participated in the survey and the causal model was tested with the data. In results, parents' and siblings' teasing was significantly correlated. Parents' and siblings' teasing significantly affected body satisfaction that showed a significant impact on self-esteem. In the mean comparison by gender, female adolescents suffered more from parents' as well as siblings' teasing on appearance than did male adolescents. Female adolescents indicated lower body satisfaction than male adolescents whereas no gender difference was found in self-esteem. In the multiple-model comparison, both the parents' and siblings' teasing about appearance affected body satisfaction of female adolescents while only siblings' teasing affected body satisfaction of male adolescents. The results indicate that female adolescents are more likely to be exposed to parents' and siblings' teasing about appearance at home than male adolescents, resulting in negative body satisfaction that is influencing self-esteem. The finding could be used as a basis for family education, calling for an attention to this issue.

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Figure 1. Causal relationships among research variables

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Figure 2. Gender differences in causal relationships

Table 1. Exploratory factor analysis results

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Table 2. Confirmatory factor analysis results

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Table 3. AVE and squared correlations of research variables

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Table 4. Gender differences in research variables

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