Changes of Morphological and Growth Characteristics Collected Miscanthus Germplasm in Korea

국내 억새 유전자원 수집 후 형태 및 생육 특성 변화

  • Received : 2017.11.07
  • Accepted : 2018.01.10
  • Published : 2018.03.31


Miscanthus has been considered as the most promising bioenergy crop for lignocellulosic biomass production. In Korea, M. sacchariflorus and M. sinensis can be found easily in all regions. It is a great advantage to utilize as important species with respect to genetic and cross-breeding programs materials for creation of novel hybrids. For successful breeding programs, it is important to precisely understand the variability of morphological and growth characteristics among Miscanthus species as breeding parent materials. In this study, morphological and growth characteristics were observed in 960 germplasms of two Miscanthus species (M. sacchariflorus and M. sinensis) for growing seasons over three years. Due to the inherent characteristics of these species, the germplasm of M. sacchariflorus among the collected germplasm were reduced in plant height than in the collection area. In M. sinensis, the plant height of germplasm collected mainly from Jeju-do increased more than those collected from collection area. Sixty-one of the collected 960 germplasms were selected and investigated to the morphological characteristics. Based on the investigated morphological data, the phylogenic tree was developed. As the results, it was confirmed that there exist germplasm in which the characteristics of M. sacchariflorus and M. sinensis are mixed. This study of Miscanthus may provide an important information in order to expedite the introduction as breeding materials for creation of new hybrid.


Miscanthus;Germplasm collection;Cultivation;Morphology;Growth


  1. An, G.H., Um, K.R., Lee, J.H., Jang, Y.H., Lee, J.E., et al. 2015. Flowering patterns of Miscanthus Germplasms in Korea. Kor. J. Crop Sci. 60(4):510-517. (In Korean)
  2. Arnoult, S., Quillet, M.C. and Brancourt-Hulmel, M. 2014. Miscanthus clones display large variation in floral biology and different environmental sensitivities useful for breeding. Bioenerg. Res. 7:430-441.
  3. Atkinson, C.J. 2009. Establishing perennial grass energy crops in the UK: A review of current propagation options for Miscanthus. Biomass Bioenerg. 33(5):752-759.
  4. Chen, S. and Stephen A.R. 2006. Miscanthus Anderson. Flora of China. 22. Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden, Bejing and St, China.
  5. Christian, D.G. and Haase, E. 2001. Agronomy of miscanthus. pp. 21-45. In: Jones, M.B. and Walsh, M. (Eds.). Miscanthus for Energy and Fiber. James & James (Science Publisher). Ltd, London, UK.
  6. Eom, B.C. and Kim, J.W. 2017. Phytocoenosen and distribution of s wild tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze) population in south Korea. Kor. J. Plant Res. 30(2):176-190. (In Korean)
  7. Greef, J.M., Deuter, M., Jung, C. and Schondelmaier J. 1997. Genetic diversity of European Miscanthus species revealed by AFLP fingerprinting. Genet Resour. Crop Ev. 44(2):185-195
  8. Jaccard, P. 1912. The distribution of the flora in the alpine zone. New phytologist. 11(2):37-50.
  9. Jensen, E., Robson R., Norris J., Cookson A., Farrar, K., et al. 2013. Flowering induction in the bioenergy grass Miscanthus sacchariflorus is a quantitative short-day response, whilst delayed flowering under long days increases biomass accumulation. J. Exp. Bot. 64(2):541-552.
  10. Kim, G.Y., Lee, C.W. and Joo, G.J. 2004. The evaluation of early growth pattern of Miscanthus sacchariflorus after cutting and burning in the Woopo Wetland. Kor. J. Limnol. 37(2):255-262. (In Korean)
  11. Lewandowski, I. and Schmidt, U. 2006. Nitrogen, energy and land use efficiencies of miscanthus, reed canary grass and triticale as determined by the boundary line approach. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 112(4):335-346.
  12. Lewandowski, I., Clifton-Brown, J.C. Scurlock, J.M.O. and Huisman, W. 2000. Miscanthus: European experience with a novel energy crop. Biomass Bioenerg. 19(4):209-227.
  13. Lim, J.H. and Sang C.K. 1990. Growth condition of Hepatica asistica Nakai in the habitats for the cultivation as the floricultural crop. J. Kor. Hort. Sci. 31(1):81-89. (In Korean)
  14. Moon, Y.H., Koo, B.C., Choi, Y.H., Ahn, S.H., Bark, S.T., et al. 2010. Development of "Miscanthus" the promising bioenergy crop. Kor. J. Weed Sci. 30(4):330-339. (In Korean)
  15. Park, C.H., Kim, Y.G., Kim, K.H., Alam, I., Lee, H.J., et al. 2009. Effect of plant growth regulators on callus induction and plant regeneration from mature seed culture of Miscanthus sinensis. Kor. Grassl. Forage Sci. 29(4):291-298. (In Korean)
  16. Yan, J., Chen, W., Luo, F., Ma, H., Meng, A., et al. 2012. Variability and adaptability of Miscanthus species evaluated for energy crop domestication. GCB Bioenergy. 4(1):49-60.
  17. Yoo, J.H., Seong, E.S., Lee, J.G., Kim, N.J., Hwang, I.S., et al. 2012. Morphological characteristics of collected Miscanthus spp. for bio-energy crop. Kor. J. Breed. Sci. 44(2):121-126. (In Korean)
  18. Yook, M.J., Lim, S.H., Song, J.S., Kim, J.W., Zhang, C.J., et al. 2014. Assessment of genetic diversity of Korean Miscanthus using morphological traits and SSR markers. Biomass Bioenerg. 66:81-92.
  19. Yu, G.D., Lee, J.E., Jang, Y.H., Moon, Y.H., Cha, Y.L., et al. 2016. Control effect of insecticides against Chilo suppressalis Walker of Native Miscanthus in Korea. Weed Turf. Sci. 5(4):230-235. (In Korean)


Supported by : RDA