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Trend Analysis of Medical Care Utilization among People with Autistic Spectrum Disorder Using National Health Insurance Data

자폐성장애인의 의료이용 경향분석 및 시사점 : 국민건강보험자료를 이용한 융복합적 접근

  • Yun, Jieun (Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Cheongju University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun Joo (Department of Nursing Science, Shinsung University)
  • 윤지은 (청주대학교 이공대학 제약공학과) ;
  • 김현주 (신성대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.09.28
  • Accepted : 2018.11.20
  • Published : 2018.11.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to estimate the current status and trends of healthcare utilization among people with ASD. Using National Health Insurance open database, from 2010 to 2017. We analyzed the treatment prevalence for people with ASD, the pattern of healthcare utilization, the difference in medical care utilization according to age, and the type and location of main medical institutions. The main results of the study are as follows: First, the medical utilization has been continuously increasing from 2010 to 2017. The total amount of medical utilization is increased by 50% in 2017 compared to 2010, and the treatment prevalence was estimated to be 79.1% in 2017 and medical uses for the next three years is also increasing. Second, the pattern of medical care utilization varied widely according to age, especially after 20 years of age. Third, the types of medical institutions that were mainly used were 45.6% in the medical clinic and 35.9% in Seoul. The results of this study can be used as a minimum reference point of evaluating the effectiveness of government policy on future autistic disorders. However, further studies are required to increase the prevalence of treatment for autistic patients and to find out the difference in medical use according to age.

Keywords

Autistic Spectrum Disorder;Trend Analysis;Prevalence;Medical Care Utilization;Geographical allocation

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Fig. 1. Trends and predictions in Medical Utilization of Autism Spectrum Disorders (p<0.05)

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Fig. 2. Trend of Autism Spectrum Disorder by Gender and Age (2017)

Table 1. Operational definitions of autism spectrum disorder using ICD-10 code

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Table 2. Medical Utilization Change of Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Table 3. Medical utilization pattern of autistic spectrum disorders by gender, age group

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Table 4. Medical uses status of Autism Spectrum Disorder according to type of medical institution.

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Table 5. Autism Spectrum Disorder by Medical Institution Location

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