DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Influence of Multicultural contact Experience and Ethnocultural Empathy on Multicultural acceptance among Nursing Students.

간호대학생의 다문화접촉경험과 문화적 공감이 다문화수용성에 미치는 영향

  • Noh, Yoon Goo (Department of Nursing, Changwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Oi Sun (Department of Nursing, Changshin University)
  • 노윤구 (국립창원대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 이외선 (창신대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.08.30
  • Accepted : 2018.11.20
  • Published : 2018.11.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of multicultural contact experience and ethnocultural empathy on multicultural acceptance in nursing students. Participants were nursing students in 3 universities in C city and data were collected from November 15 to December 20, 2017. Data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression analysis using SPSS Win 23.0. It was found that: (a) multicultural acceptability had a positive correlation with emotional empathy(r=.56, <.001), cognitive empathy(r=.40, <.001), and experience of multicultural contact(r=.16, p=.040; (b) factors influencing multicultural acceptance were emotional empathy and cognitive empathy with 37.3% explanatory power. This study shows that emotional and cognitive empathy have positive effect on multicultural acceptance. This result may be useful in developing new strategies for enhancing multicultural acceptance.

Keywords

Nursing students;Multicultural contact experience;Ethnocultural empathy Multicultural acceptance;Emotional empathy

Table 1. Levels of Multicultural contact experience, Ethnocultural empathy, and Multicultural acceptance

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_373_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Differences in Multicultural contact experience, Ethnocultural empathy, and Multicultural acceptance according to Characteristics

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_373_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Correlations between Multicultural contact experience, Ethnocultural empathy and Multicultural acceptance.

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_373_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Factors Influencing on Multicultural acceptance

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_373_t0004.png 이미지

References

  1. Ministry of Justice. (2016). Statistical yearbook of immigration and foreign policy in 2015. Seoul, South Korea: Ministry of Justice.
  2. Migrant Health Association in Korea. (2009). Korean society and migrant health(Foreign Migrant Workers Medical White Paper II). Seoul, Korea: A young Doctor.
  3. M. M. Maier-Lorentz. (2008). Transcultural nursing: its importance in nursing practice, Journal of Cultural Diversity, 15(1), 37-43.
  4. M. J. Kim & K. E. Kim. (2018). An analysis of multicultural acceptance research trends in Korea. Multicultural Education Studies, 11(1), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.14328/MES.2018.12.31.01
  5. S. S. Ahn, M. S. Min, Y. S. Kim, M. J. Lee & G. M. Kim. (2012). National multicultural acceptability research. Research report 2012-02, January Report No.11-1383000-000245-01. Seoul, Korea : Women's Policy Institute.
  6. M. J. Kim & O. B. Chung. (2010). Development and validation of a multicultural acceptance inventory for Korean children. The Korean Journal of the Human Development, 17(4), 69-88.
  7. Y. W. Wang, M. M. Davidson, O. F. Yakushko, H. B. Savoy, J. A. Tan. & J. K. Bleier. (2003). The scale of ethnocultural empathy: development, validation, and reliability. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 50(2), 221-234. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.50.2.221
  8. J. A. Lee & Y. J. Lee. (2016). Relationship of self-esteem and empathic ability and multicultural acceptability of elementary students, Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction, 16(6), 73-91.
  9. I. S. Kim & S. J. Lee. (2017). A Study on the influence of male/female college students' self-efficacy, emphatic ability, multi-cultural experience on multi-cultural acceptability, Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 24(11), 1-32.
  10. J. Y Park & K. J. Cho. (2016). Empathy and cultural impact of the pre-service early childhood teachers on multicultural education and multicultural sensitivity and understanding attitude, Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 17(10), 439-448. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2016.17.10.439
  11. S. H. Park & J. H. Yu. (2017). The effects of multicultural experience on empathy in adolescents : Focused on mediating effect of multicultural acceptance and cultural empathy, Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(4), 499-510. DOI : http://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.4.499 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.4.499
  12. S. Y. Lee. (2013). A sense of social distance among the youths from multicultural family. :Focused on multicultural experience and self-esteem. Unpublished master's thesis, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul.
  13. G. W. Allport. (1993). The nature of prejudice. W. Y. Lee. translators. New York, NY: Persesus Books Publishing
  14. Y. G. Noh & O. S. Lee. (2018). Influence of multicultural contact experience on the relationship between social distance and multicultural acceptance among nursing students. Journal of Digital Convergence, 16(1), 187-195. DOI : http://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2018.16.1.187 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2018.16.1.187
  15. S. Y. Kim. (2016). The impact of self efficacy and multiculture experience of college students majoring social welfare on acceptance of multiculture. The Journal of Multicultural Society, 9(2), 201-229. https://doi.org/10.15685/jms.2016.08.9.2.201
  16. Y. S. Lee. (2016). The enhancement of multicultural acceptance, why and how to do it?. Contemporary Society and Multiculture, 6(1), 1-26.
  17. M. J. Chae, J. I. Kim & J. H. Lee. (2015). Effects of a multicultural course on the multicultural acceptability and competency of nursing students. Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 21(3), 373-381. DOI : http://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2015.21.3.373 https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2015.21.3.373
  18. I. S. Lee. & J. Y. Cho. (2015). A study on multicultural acceptability and social distance of nursing college students. Journal of the Korean Society for Multicultural Health. 5(1), 1-9.
  19. F. Faul, E. Erdfelder, A. G. Lang & A. Buchner. (2007). G* Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175-191. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193146
  20. J. M. Ward. (1996). The relationship of preservice teachers' cross-cultural experiences with their beliefs about teaching diverse students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Kansas state University, Manhattan, KS.
  21. J. Y. Kim (2013). A study on color-blind racial attitudes and cultural competence of service providers in multicultural settings : focusing on moderating effects of cultural empathy and multicultural training. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Catholic University, Seoul.
  22. M. S. Min, S. S. Ahn, Y. S. Kim, B. Y. Son & M. J. Lee. (2012). Study on adolescents' multicultural acceptability. Research report 2012-51, January. Report No.: 11-1383000-000368-01. Seoul, Korea : Women 's Policy Institute.
  23. H. J. Park & N. H. Kim (2017). Relationship between cultural sensitivity, empathy and competency of nursing students. Asia-pacific Journal of Multimedia Services Convergent with Art, Humanities, and Sociology, 7(4), 487-498. DOI : http://doi.org/10.14257/AJMAHS.2017.04.09 https://doi.org/10.14257/AJMAHS.2017.04.09
  24. E. H. Peek & C. S. Park. (2013). Effects of a Multicultural Education Program on the Cultural Competence, Empathy and Self-efficacy of Nursing Students. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 43(5), 690-696. DOI : https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2013.43.5.690 https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2013.43.5.690
  25. S. Y. Yang, H. N. Lim & J. H. Lee (2013). The study on relationship between cultural competency and empathy of nursing students. The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 19(1), 183-193. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.2.183 https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.2.183
  26. E. J. Song, Y. K. Yang & S. K. Park (2016). Effects on critical thinking disposition and empathy on cultural competency in nursing students. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 25(4), 347-355. DOI : https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.4.347 https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.4.347
  27. L. Cunico, R. Sartori, O. Marognolli & A. M. Meneghini. (2012). Developing empathy in nursing students: a cohort longitudinal study. Journal of clinical nursing, 21(13-14), 2016-2025. DOI : https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04105.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04105.x
  28. A. Pavlakis & I. Leondiou. (2014). Multicultural Nursing Education in a Multicultural Society. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 7(1), 32-37.
  29. A. F. Almutairi. (2012). A case study examination of the influence of cultural diversity in the multicultural nursing workforce on the quality of care and patient safety in a Saudi Arabian hospital. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.