제4차 산업혁명시대 인문사회학적 쟁점과 과제에 관한 연구

A Study on Issues and Tasks of Humanity and Social Science in a Fourth Industrial Revolution Era

  • 김진영 (울산과학기술원, 기초과정부) ;
  • 허완규 (울산과학기술원, 에너지상품거래 및 금융공학부)
  • Kim, Jin-Young (Division of General Studies, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Heo, Wan-Gyu (Division of Energy Commodity Trading and Financial Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology)
  • 투고 : 2018.09.04
  • 심사 : 2018.11.20
  • 발행 : 2018.11.28


융합, 초연결, 인공지능을 특성으로 한 4차 산업혁명 시대에 대한 대비와 정책마련을 위해 본 논문은 개별적으로 논의되고 있는 인문사회학적 쟁점들을 통합적으로 정리하였다. 그 결과, 인공지능기술(무인) 측면에서는 노동의 의미와 형태의 변화를 논의하면서 전통적 일자리의 감소, 프로젝트형 근로관계, 기본소득 및 로봇세에 대한 이슈에서부터 인공지능기술의 법적 책무와 자동화된 불평등 이슈까지 정리하였다. 초연결과 빅데이터 기술(무선 & 무한) 측면에서는 보안과 사이버 해킹 문제, 프라이버시 침해 문제가 부각되었다. 블록체인과 생명공학(무정부) 기술에서는 향후 중앙집권의 약화 및 개방화 사회로의 변화와 더불어 빅데이터를 기반으로 한 부의집중화, 디지털격차, 생명공학 기술의 윤리적 문제 등이 논의되었다. 공유경제(무소유) 측면에서는 시민윤리와 인간의 상품화라는 문제점이 부각되었다. 마지막으로 가상현실(무감각)기술의 발전은 사이버증후군, 대인기피증, 문제회피, 상상력 억압 등의 부작용과 이에 대한 법적 질서의 필요성이 논의되고 있다.


4차 산업혁명;인공지능;초연결사회;인문사회학;블록체인

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_137_f0001.png 이미지

Fig. 1. Issues of Industry 4.0


연구 과제 주관 기관 : IITP(Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion).


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