DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

제4차 산업혁명시대 인문사회학적 쟁점과 과제에 관한 연구

A Study on Issues and Tasks of Humanity and Social Science in a Fourth Industrial Revolution Era

  • 김진영 (울산과학기술원, 기초과정부) ;
  • 허완규 (울산과학기술원, 에너지상품거래 및 금융공학부)
  • Kim, Jin-Young (Division of General Studies, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Heo, Wan-Gyu (Division of Energy Commodity Trading and Financial Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology)
  • 투고 : 2018.09.04
  • 심사 : 2018.11.20
  • 발행 : 2018.11.28

초록

융합, 초연결, 인공지능을 특성으로 한 4차 산업혁명 시대에 대한 대비와 정책마련을 위해 본 논문은 개별적으로 논의되고 있는 인문사회학적 쟁점들을 통합적으로 정리하였다. 그 결과, 인공지능기술(무인) 측면에서는 노동의 의미와 형태의 변화를 논의하면서 전통적 일자리의 감소, 프로젝트형 근로관계, 기본소득 및 로봇세에 대한 이슈에서부터 인공지능기술의 법적 책무와 자동화된 불평등 이슈까지 정리하였다. 초연결과 빅데이터 기술(무선 & 무한) 측면에서는 보안과 사이버 해킹 문제, 프라이버시 침해 문제가 부각되었다. 블록체인과 생명공학(무정부) 기술에서는 향후 중앙집권의 약화 및 개방화 사회로의 변화와 더불어 빅데이터를 기반으로 한 부의집중화, 디지털격차, 생명공학 기술의 윤리적 문제 등이 논의되었다. 공유경제(무소유) 측면에서는 시민윤리와 인간의 상품화라는 문제점이 부각되었다. 마지막으로 가상현실(무감각)기술의 발전은 사이버증후군, 대인기피증, 문제회피, 상상력 억압 등의 부작용과 이에 대한 법적 질서의 필요성이 논의되고 있다.

키워드

4차 산업혁명;인공지능;초연결사회;인문사회학;블록체인

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_137_f0001.png 이미지

Fig. 1. Issues of Industry 4.0

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : IITP(Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion).

참고문헌

  1. K. Schwab. (2016). The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Geneva, Switzerland : World Economic Forum.
  2. K. Schwab, N. Davis & S. Nadella. (2018). Shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Cologny, Switzerland : World Economic Forum.
  3. S. Yoo. (2017). Will the Blockchain Lead Economic Democratization?. Future Horizon, 34, 22-25.
  4. D. Ha. (2017). Wearable Self-Tracking Technology's in-scription and re-inscription: Health and Labor in hyper-connected society. Asia Pacific Journal of Health Law & Ethics, 10(3), 1-21.
  5. C. Clifford. (2018, July 20). Elon Musk, Google's DeepMind co-founders promise never to make killer robots. CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2018/07/20/elonmusk-goole-deepmind-co-founders-pledge-no-killer-robots.html
  6. S. Park. (2018). The 4th Industrial revolution and Korean university's role change. Journal of Convergence for Information Technology, 8(1), 235-242. https://doi.org/10.22156/CS4SMB.2018.8.1.235
  7. J. Lee. (2015 August). IoT security issues and implications. ICT Spot Issue, 2015-8, 14-24.
  8. J. Jung. (2018). Application Plan by the Internet of Things for Public Security Policy. The Journal of Police Science, 18(1), 197-228.
  9. S. Hwang. (2018). A Legal Review on Abuse Cases of Virtual Currency and Legal Responses. Jornal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 19(2), 585-594. DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2018.19.2.585
  10. B. Kim. (2017). The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Economy. Orbis Sapientiae, 23, 1-9.
  11. H. Jang. (2016). Critics of the Shared economy. Social Innovation Focus, http://soinnolab.net/archives/1892#
  12. J. Bonnefon. A. Shariff & I. Rahwan. (2016). The social dilemma of autonomous vehicles. Science, 352(6293), 1573-1576. DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf2654 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf2654
  13. T. Koo. (2016). Legal and Ethical issues in Virtual Reality. Future Horizon, 29, 24-27.
  14. J. Park, G. Jung, S. Kim, H. Jin, K. Hyung, J. Moon & Y. Jung. (2017). Mobile Trend 2018. Seoul : MiraeBook.
  15. W. Joo. (2018). Watson: AI applicable in dozens and hundreds of fields. Chosun Biz. http://biz.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/06/21/2018062100147.html?utm_source=naver&utm_medium=original&utm_campaign=biz
  16. J. Butler-Adams. (2018). The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Education. South African Journal of Science, 114(5/6), 1.
  17. J. Ahan, J. Hwang & W. Lee. (2018). An empirical study on the employment impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Journal of Internet Computing and Services(JICS), 19(1), 131-140. https://doi.org/10.7472/JKSII.2018.19.1.131
  18. KAIST Moon Soul Graduate School of Future Strategy Research center (2018). National Future Strategy 2018. Paju:Korea : Econbook.
  19. I. Giuffrida, F. Lederer & N. Vermeys. (2018). A Legal Perspective on the Trials and Tribulations of AI: How Artificial Intelligence, the Internet of Things, Smart Contracts, and Other Technologies Will Affect the Law. Case Western Reserve Law Review, 68(3), 747-781.
  20. H. Choi. (2018). AI in job interview, "Analyze facial expression, voice and brain waves.". newsjoins. https://https://news.joins.com/article/22430401
  21. Y. Joo. (2018). Beyond AI telling you only the results, XAI(Explainable AI) providing rationale is now emerging. Kyunghyang. http://biz.khan.co.kr/khan_art_view.html?artid=201802181210001
  22. S. Nadella, G. Shaw & J. T. Nichols. (2017). Hit Refresh: The Quest to Rediscover Microsoft's Soul and Imagine a Better Future for Everyone. New York: Harper Business.
  23. D. Sanger. (2012). Obama Order Sped Up Wave of Cyberattacks Against Iran. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/01/world/middleeast/obama-ordered-wave-of-cyberattacks-against-iran.html
  24. S. Bae & J. Kim. (2016). Development of the Internet of Things and changes in security paradigm. Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning, 14, 44-57.
  25. Y. Park & J. Glenn. (2018). 2018 State of the Future. Seoul: Businessbooks.
  26. A. Klein. (2016, July 1). Tesla driver dies in first fatal autonomous car crash in US. Newscientists. https://www.newscientist.com/article/2095740-tesla-driver-dies-in-first-fatal-autonomous-car-crash-in-us/
  27. J. Kang. (2018). New security paradigm needed for defending smart city. TECHm. http://techm.kr/bbs/board.php?bo_table=article&wr_id=4704
  28. S. Yoo. (2018 July). Blockchain-based Decentralization case analysis. Weekly Technology Trend, .https://www.iitp.kr/kr/1/knowledge/periodicalViewA.it?searClassCode=B_ITA_01&masterCode=publication&identifier=1034
  29. J. Salsman & G. Dellaire. (2017). Precision genome editing in the CRISPR era. Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 95, 187-201. https://doi.org/10.1139/bcb-2016-0137
  30. K. Lee, S. Kim, H Joo, K Lee & J Lee. (2017). Research on the Strategy of Cultural Sports Tourism for the 4th Industrial Revolution. KCISA. https://www.kcisa.kr/kr/board/research/boardView.do?bbsIdx=3656&pageIndex=1&searchCondition=all&searchKeyword=%EB%AC%B8%ED%99%94
  31. M. Kang. (2018). The 4th Industrial Revolution story that Nobody Tells You. Seoul: Keymedia.
  32. R. Chase & D. Pearlman. (2015). Peers Inc: How People and Platforms Are Inventing the Collaborative Economy and Reinventing Capitalism. Philadelphia, PA: PublicAffairs.
  33. Workers on tap. (2014 December). The Economist. https://www.economist.com/leaders/2014/12/30/workers-on-tap
  34. A. Stephany. (2015). The Business of Sharing: Making It in the New Sharing Economy. (D. Wi, Trans.) Seoul : Hans Media.
  35. R. Reich. (2015). Robert Reich: The 'Sharing Economy'? More Like the 'Share the Crumbs' Economy. INTHESETIMES. http://inthesetimes.com/working/entry/17598/robert_reich_the_sharing_economy_more_like_the_share_the_crumbs_economy
  36. M. Kim. (2017). Policy direction for stable growth of Shared Economy. KDI FOCUS, 83, 1-8.
  37. E. Kim. (2018). Is VR deceiving brain safe? Times https://www.sciencetimes.co.kr/?news=%EB%87%8C%EB%A5%BC-%EC%86%8D%EC%9D%B4%EB%8A%94-vr-%EA%B4%9C%EC%B0%AE%EC%9D%84%EA%B9%8C