DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on Issues and Tasks of Humanity and Social Science in a Fourth Industrial Revolution Era

제4차 산업혁명시대 인문사회학적 쟁점과 과제에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Jin-Young (Division of General Studies, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Heo, Wan-Gyu (Division of Energy Commodity Trading and Financial Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology)
  • 김진영 (울산과학기술원, 기초과정부) ;
  • 허완규 (울산과학기술원, 에너지상품거래 및 금융공학부)
  • Received : 2018.09.04
  • Accepted : 2018.11.20
  • Published : 2018.11.28

Abstract

To prepare for and implement policies for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which is characterized by convergence, super-connectivity, and AI, this study summarized the effects and characteristics of individual technologies on our society and discussed the issues with humanity and social science perspectives. As a result, in terms of AI technology, the issues of job losses, project-type works, basic income and robot taxes, accountability of AI, and algorithm inequality were dealt with. Security, cyber hacking and privacy infringement issues were highlighted in big-data technology. In the part of block-chain and bioengineering, the society of decentralization, the concentration, digital divide, and ethical issues were discussed. On-demand economic aspects highlighted the problems of civil ethics and human commercialization. Lastly, the development of VR is discussed including side effects such as cyber-syndrom, avoidance of reality, and so on.

Keywords

Industry 4.0;Artificial Intelligence;Hyperconnectivity;Social Science;Humanity;Blockchain

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_137_f0001.png 이미지

Fig. 1. Issues of Industry 4.0

Acknowledgement

Supported by : IITP(Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion).

References

  1. K. Schwab. (2016). The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Geneva, Switzerland : World Economic Forum.
  2. K. Schwab, N. Davis & S. Nadella. (2018). Shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Cologny, Switzerland : World Economic Forum.
  3. S. Yoo. (2017). Will the Blockchain Lead Economic Democratization?. Future Horizon, 34, 22-25.
  4. D. Ha. (2017). Wearable Self-Tracking Technology's in-scription and re-inscription: Health and Labor in hyper-connected society. Asia Pacific Journal of Health Law & Ethics, 10(3), 1-21.
  5. C. Clifford. (2018, July 20). Elon Musk, Google's DeepMind co-founders promise never to make killer robots. CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2018/07/20/elonmusk-goole-deepmind-co-founders-pledge-no-killer-robots.html
  6. S. Park. (2018). The 4th Industrial revolution and Korean university's role change. Journal of Convergence for Information Technology, 8(1), 235-242. https://doi.org/10.22156/CS4SMB.2018.8.1.235
  7. J. Lee. (2015 August). IoT security issues and implications. ICT Spot Issue, 2015-8, 14-24.
  8. J. Jung. (2018). Application Plan by the Internet of Things for Public Security Policy. The Journal of Police Science, 18(1), 197-228.
  9. S. Hwang. (2018). A Legal Review on Abuse Cases of Virtual Currency and Legal Responses. Jornal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 19(2), 585-594. DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2018.19.2.585
  10. B. Kim. (2017). The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Economy. Orbis Sapientiae, 23, 1-9.
  11. H. Jang. (2016). Critics of the Shared economy. Social Innovation Focus, http://soinnolab.net/archives/1892#
  12. J. Bonnefon. A. Shariff & I. Rahwan. (2016). The social dilemma of autonomous vehicles. Science, 352(6293), 1573-1576. DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf2654 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf2654
  13. T. Koo. (2016). Legal and Ethical issues in Virtual Reality. Future Horizon, 29, 24-27.
  14. J. Park, G. Jung, S. Kim, H. Jin, K. Hyung, J. Moon & Y. Jung. (2017). Mobile Trend 2018. Seoul : MiraeBook.
  15. W. Joo. (2018). Watson: AI applicable in dozens and hundreds of fields. Chosun Biz. http://biz.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/06/21/2018062100147.html?utm_source=naver&utm_medium=original&utm_campaign=biz
  16. J. Butler-Adams. (2018). The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Education. South African Journal of Science, 114(5/6), 1.
  17. J. Ahan, J. Hwang & W. Lee. (2018). An empirical study on the employment impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Journal of Internet Computing and Services(JICS), 19(1), 131-140. https://doi.org/10.7472/JKSII.2018.19.1.131
  18. KAIST Moon Soul Graduate School of Future Strategy Research center (2018). National Future Strategy 2018. Paju:Korea : Econbook.
  19. I. Giuffrida, F. Lederer & N. Vermeys. (2018). A Legal Perspective on the Trials and Tribulations of AI: How Artificial Intelligence, the Internet of Things, Smart Contracts, and Other Technologies Will Affect the Law. Case Western Reserve Law Review, 68(3), 747-781.
  20. H. Choi. (2018). AI in job interview, "Analyze facial expression, voice and brain waves.". newsjoins. https://https://news.joins.com/article/22430401
  21. Y. Joo. (2018). Beyond AI telling you only the results, XAI(Explainable AI) providing rationale is now emerging. Kyunghyang. http://biz.khan.co.kr/khan_art_view.html?artid=201802181210001
  22. S. Nadella, G. Shaw & J. T. Nichols. (2017). Hit Refresh: The Quest to Rediscover Microsoft's Soul and Imagine a Better Future for Everyone. New York: Harper Business.
  23. D. Sanger. (2012). Obama Order Sped Up Wave of Cyberattacks Against Iran. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/01/world/middleeast/obama-ordered-wave-of-cyberattacks-against-iran.html
  24. S. Bae & J. Kim. (2016). Development of the Internet of Things and changes in security paradigm. Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning, 14, 44-57.
  25. Y. Park & J. Glenn. (2018). 2018 State of the Future. Seoul: Businessbooks.
  26. A. Klein. (2016, July 1). Tesla driver dies in first fatal autonomous car crash in US. Newscientists. https://www.newscientist.com/article/2095740-tesla-driver-dies-in-first-fatal-autonomous-car-crash-in-us/
  27. J. Kang. (2018). New security paradigm needed for defending smart city. TECHm. http://techm.kr/bbs/board.php?bo_table=article&wr_id=4704
  28. S. Yoo. (2018 July). Blockchain-based Decentralization case analysis. Weekly Technology Trend, .https://www.iitp.kr/kr/1/knowledge/periodicalViewA.it?searClassCode=B_ITA_01&masterCode=publication&identifier=1034
  29. J. Salsman & G. Dellaire. (2017). Precision genome editing in the CRISPR era. Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 95, 187-201. https://doi.org/10.1139/bcb-2016-0137
  30. K. Lee, S. Kim, H Joo, K Lee & J Lee. (2017). Research on the Strategy of Cultural Sports Tourism for the 4th Industrial Revolution. KCISA. https://www.kcisa.kr/kr/board/research/boardView.do?bbsIdx=3656&pageIndex=1&searchCondition=all&searchKeyword=%EB%AC%B8%ED%99%94
  31. M. Kang. (2018). The 4th Industrial Revolution story that Nobody Tells You. Seoul: Keymedia.
  32. R. Chase & D. Pearlman. (2015). Peers Inc: How People and Platforms Are Inventing the Collaborative Economy and Reinventing Capitalism. Philadelphia, PA: PublicAffairs.
  33. Workers on tap. (2014 December). The Economist. https://www.economist.com/leaders/2014/12/30/workers-on-tap
  34. A. Stephany. (2015). The Business of Sharing: Making It in the New Sharing Economy. (D. Wi, Trans.) Seoul : Hans Media.
  35. R. Reich. (2015). Robert Reich: The 'Sharing Economy'? More Like the 'Share the Crumbs' Economy. INTHESETIMES. http://inthesetimes.com/working/entry/17598/robert_reich_the_sharing_economy_more_like_the_share_the_crumbs_economy
  36. M. Kim. (2017). Policy direction for stable growth of Shared Economy. KDI FOCUS, 83, 1-8.
  37. E. Kim. (2018). Is VR deceiving brain safe? Times https://www.sciencetimes.co.kr/?news=%EB%87%8C%EB%A5%BC-%EC%86%8D%EC%9D%B4%EB%8A%94-vr-%EA%B4%9C%EC%B0%AE%EC%9D%84%EA%B9%8C