The Impact of Transactional Leadership to Organizational Commitment: The Mediating Effect of Followership

거래적 리더십이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향: 팔로워십의 매개효과

  • Received : 2018.08.24
  • Accepted : 2018.11.20
  • Published : 2018.11.28


Transactional leadership(TL) is to provide constructive feedback to organizational employee's commitment and to engender a positive impact on individuals and organizations. In this respect, this study is to investigate police's TL could positively influence organizational commitment, and is there a mediated effect in this impact empirically. This study based on the analysis on a random sample of police who has worked in Seongnam, Kwangjoo, and Hanam cities. The findings are the follows. (1) Police's TL has a positive effect on followership. (2) Police's TL has a positive effect on employees' commitment highly. (3) Police's followership has a positive effect on employees' commitment highly. (4) Followership has a partial mediated effect to relationship between Police's TL and employees' commitment. In these results, transactional leadership and followership are to verify a critical factor to improve police's organizational commitment.


Leadership;Transactional Leadership;Organizational Commitment;Followership;Police

Table 1. Validity analysis and Reliability analysis

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_81_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Regression analysis between Transactional leadership and Followership

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_81_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Regression analysis among transactional leadership, followership and oc

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_81_t0003.png 이미지


  1. R. K. Greenleaf. (1997). Servant Leadership. NJ: Paulist Press.
  2. X. Ma & W. Jiang. (2018). Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, and Employee Creativity in Entrepreneurial Firms. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 1-23.
  3. B. Crossman & J. Crossman. (2011). Conceptualising followership: a review of the literature. Leadership, 7(4), 481-497.
  4. S. D. Baker. (2007). Followership: The theoretical foundation of contemporary construct. Journal of Leadership & Organization Studies, 14(1), 50-60.
  5. J. S. Kwon. (2013). Four Characteristics of Followership - Its Effect on the Relationship Between Leadership and Job Commitment. Human Resource Management Studies, 20(1), 39-61.
  6. J. W. Byun & J. Y. Ko. (2013). Effect of Leadership on Followership, Organization Trust, and Customer Orientation in the Super Deluxe Hotels. Journal of Food service Management Society of Korea, 16(6), 157-180.
  7. S. H. Kim, S. M. Kwon & H. K. Yang. (2009). The Effect of Leadership and Followership types of hotel' employee on Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention. Korean Journal of Hospitality & Tourism, 18(3), 81-97.
  8. Y. Kim & J. Lee. (2011). The Study on Leadership, Followership, and Employee's Commitment to Productivity Enhancement at R&D Teams: Interaction Effects of Leadership Styles and Followership Styles. Organization and Personnel Management Studies, 35(1), 143-169.
  9. Y. J. Choung & S. Kang. (2016). The Effects of Subordinate's Emotion caused by Leadership and Followership On the Turnover Intention : Focused on Family Restaurants. Tourism and Business Studies, 20(1), 273-300.
  10. L. W. Porter, R. M. Steers, R. T. Mowday & P. V. Boulian. (1974). Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover among psychiatric technicians, Journal of Applied Psychology, 59(5), 603-609.
  11. M. A. Kashefi, R. M. Adel, H. R. G. Abad, M. B. H. Aliklayeh, H. K. Moghaddam & G. Nadimi. (2013). Organizational Commitment and Its Effects on Organizational Performance. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research Business, 4(12), 501-510.
  12. K. I. Kim. (2016). A Model of the Influence of IMS operation on organizational performance. Journal of the Convergence Society for SMB, 6(1), 1-5.
  13. J. P. Meyer & N. J. Allen. (1991). A three component conceptualization of organizational commitment, Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61-89.
  14. Y. G. Lee, J. S. Park & Y. T. Han. (2009). The Effects Analysis of the Transformation and Transaction Leadership to Organizational Commitment in the Local Middle & High School. Korean Local Self-Government Studies, 11(3), 143-161.
  15. Y. S. Noh. (2015). Factors Affecting on Organizational Commitment of Airline Flight of Crew in Convergency Society: Focus to Safety, Working Condition and Organizational Justice. Journal of the Korean Convergence Society, 6(4), 55-64.
  16. A. S, Raja & P. Palanichamy. (2011). Leadership Styles and its Impact on Organizational Commitment. Asia Pacific Business Review, 7(3), 167-175.
  17. B. G. Ryu, & E. Y. Ryu. (2013). A Study of the Relationship between Transformational/Transactional leadership and Organizational Effectiveness: Focusing on moderating effects of Organizational Culture. GRI Review, 15(3), 239-262.
  18. K. H. Kim. (2017). The Effect of Transformational Leadership & Transactional Leadership on Organizational Commitment: Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy & Psychological Contract. Tourism Research, 42(3), 47-65.
  19. S. K. Lee. (2006). Impact of Transactional Leadership on Organizational Commitment: Focusing on Equity Perception. Tourism Research, 21(3), 1-17.
  20. M. J. Kim & S. I. Jang. (2015). Effect of Transformational & Transactional Leadership on Organizational Commitment. Human Resource Management Studies, 22(1), 25-43.
  21. Y. J. Han & D. K. Kim. (2011). A Study on the Relationship among Followership, Leader-Member Exchange(LMX) and Organizational Commitment in the Tourism and Convention Industry. Studies of Tourism and Leisure, 23(7), 299-318.
  22. S. H. Choi & D. H. Lee. (2013). The Influence of Followership on Organizational Commitment and Innovative Behavior via LMX Quality. Journal of Industrial Economics and Business 26(5), 2407-2430.
  23. Y. J. Lee & S. I. Jang. (2012). Influence of the transforming leadership of private security guards on job satisfaction, organizational commitment: focusing on the mediation. Journal of Convergence Security, 12(2), 23-33.
  24. Y. B. Hu, H. J. Kim & S. Lee. (2018). The Impact of Paternalistic Leadership on Job Satisfaction: Focused on the Mediating Effect of Conformist Followership. Creativity and Innovation, 11(1), 71-114.
  25. B. M. Bass & B. J. Avolio. (1995). MLQ Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire. Redwood City, CA: Mind Garden.
  26. R. Kelley. (1988) In praise of followers. Harvard Business Review, 66(6), 142-148.
  27. A. J. Colangelo. (2000). Followership Leadership Styles. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, The University of Oklahoma.