A Study on the Relationship between Digital Informatization Level and Leisure Life Satisfaction of Low Income

저소득층의 디지털 정보화수준과 여가 생활 만족도 간의 관계에 대한 연구

  • 이향수 (건국대학교 인문사회융합대학) ;
  • 이성훈 (고려대학교 경제통계학부 경제정책학전공)
  • Received : 2018.08.24
  • Accepted : 2018.11.20
  • Published : 2018.11.28


As the digital informatization society deepens, the digital divide of the information - underprivileged becomes increasingly serious social problem. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between digital informatization capacity and satisfaction level of leisure activity in low - income class. For the analysis, we analyzed the relationship between digital informatization level and leisure satisfaction level of the low income class based on the results of the digital information gap survey in 2017. As a result, it was found that there was a positive relationship between digital access and leisure activity satisfaction, such as having a wired / wireless information device at low socioeconomic level and availability of Internet access at all times. Second, digital information capacity level and leisure satisfaction level such as PC usage ability and mobile digital device utilization ability have positive (+) relationship. Third, the level of digital information utilization, such as the use of fixed and mobile Internet, also showed a positive (+) relationship with the leisure satisfaction level of the low income class. This suggests that it is necessary to provide various supports to resolve the digital divide between the low income class and the general public.


Low income class;Leisure life;Digital access gap;Digital capacity gap;Digital utilization gap

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_29_f0001.png 이미지

Fig. 1. Distribution and simple regression analysis between the digital access index and leisure and cultural life satisfaction level of the low income class

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_29_f0002.png 이미지

Fig. 2. Distribution and simple regression analysis between the digital competence index and leisure and cultural life satisfaction level of low income class

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_29_f0003.png 이미지

Fig. 4. Distribution and simple regression analysis between the digital composite index of low income class and leisure and cultural life satisfaction level

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_29_f0005.png 이미지

Fig. 3. Distribution and simple regression analysis between the digital utilization index and leisure and cultural life satisfaction level of the low income class

Table 1. Digital Information Gap Survey Research Item

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_29_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Digital information level of the Low-income class compared to the whole nation

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_29_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Leisure and cultural life satisfaction survey tool

DJTJBT_2018_v16n11_29_t0003.png 이미지


  1. Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. (2016). 2016 National leisure activity survey, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
  2. H. J. Park. (2016). The Study on the Moderating Effect of Regulatory Focus on Tourism Social Commerce: Focused on the Relationship among Customer Value, Satisfaction and Continuous Use Intention, Journal of Digital Convergence, 14(3), 143-150. DOI: 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.3.143
  3. S. K. Whang. (2016). The Relationship between Sports-Readership and Happiness in Perceived by University Athletes, Journal of Digital Convergence. 14(3), 401-408. DOI: 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.3.401
  4. S. E. Choi & M. J. Park. (2017). Convergent Effect of Psychological Health and Physical Health on Health-related Quality of Life in Korean Echo Generation: Using Korea Health Panel Data 2013, Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(6), 12-19. DOI: 10.14400/JDC.2017.15.6.283
  5. J. H. Oh. (2018). The Effect of Baby Boom Generation' Leisure Activities on ICT Skills, Journal of Digital Convergence, 16(3), 1-12. DOI: 10.14400/JDC.2018.16.3.001
  6. K. M. Choi & W. K. Lim. (2015). The Effect of Participation motivation of the Culture and Education Activities on the psychological well-being Convergence Formation of the Elderly, Journal of Digital Convergence, 13(6), 55-67. DOI: 10.14400/JDC.2015.13.6.55
  7. S. H. Lee. (2013). A Study on Digital Convergence Related with Our Life using ICT, Journal of Digital Convergence, 11(11), 429-434. DOI: 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.429
  8. Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism.. (2016). National leisure activity survey statistical information report.
  9. J. K. Kang & J. Y. Lee. (2015). Status and Tasks of ICT-based Welfare Services for the Elderly Living Alone, Journal of Digital Convergence, 13(1), 67-76. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2015.13.1.67
  10. S. Choi. (2016). Study on ICT standardization unify North and South Korea- North Korea open Internet induction plan, Journal of Digital Convergence, 14(4), 79-88. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.4.79
  11. K. S. Noh & S. H. Park. (2013). Measures for e-Learning Policy Effectiveness Improvement through Analysis of Maturity of Korean Policy Application, Journal of Digital Convergence, 11(12), 11-19. DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.11
  12. S. Y. Pi & S. J. Do. (2017). The Effectiveness of the Flipped Learning using the Smart Device. Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(4), 65-71. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2017.15.4.65
  13. H. S. Lee & S. H. Lee. (2018). A Study on Digital Divide of Farmers and Fishermen. Journal of Digital Convergence. 16(1), 13-20. DOI: 10.14400/JDC. 2018.16.1.013
  14. Ministry of Science. ICT & Future Planning & NIA. (2017). The Report on the Digital Divide.
  15. B. W. Lim & O. J. Lee. (2012). A Study on the Social Experiences of the Elderly Applying Grounded Theory. Korea Policy Studies, 12(4), 477-497.
  16. M. Y. Kim & S. J. Byun. (2018). The Improvement Index of Smart Public Services to Advance Information Accessibility for the Elderly. Journal of Digital Convergence, 16(5), 43-53. DOI: 10.14400/JDC. 2018.16.5.043
  17. H. K. Nam-Gung, I. H. Kim & H. R. Chun. (2017). Study on the Correlates of Digital Disparity among Older Seoul Residents. Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(4), 73-81. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2017.15.4.73
  18. W. K. Kim & K. T. Hwang. (2017). A Study on the Research Trends and Directions of Bus Information System based on Literature Review. Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(10), 63-81. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2017.15.10.63
  19. J. I. Ahn & Y. K. Seo. (2014). An Analysis of Sub-factors of Digital Media Literacy Divide: Focusing on the effects of generation and economic status, Journal of Digital Convergence, 12(2), 69-78. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2014.12.2.69
  20. I. K. Jeon & J. H. Chung. (2015). Study of GUI design convergence guideline for the users of aged generation, Journal of Digital Convergence, 13(7), 323-331. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2015.13.7.323.
  21. Y. S. Cho, J. R. Woo & K. S. Noh. (2017). Application Profile for Multi-Cultural Content Based on KS X 7006 Metadata for Learning Resources. Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(4), 91-105. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2017.15.4.91
  22. S. K. Kim, S. J. Lee & J. G. Kim. (2016). A Study on the Development of Phased Big Data Distribution Model Based on Big Data Distribution Ecology, Journal of Digital Convergence, 14(5), 95-106. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.5.95
  23. Y. J. Jo. (2015). A Study on the Influence of Connectivity and Convenience of Smartphones of Word-of mouth Intentions in the Convergence Era : Focused on the Mediating Effects of Application. Journal of Digital Convergence, 13(5), 69-78. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2015.13.5.69
  24. B. J. Lee & S. H. Lee. (2016). A Study on the Influence of Internal Marketing to Customer Orientation in Convergence Era - The Mediating Effect of S Electronic Employee's Trust to Leaders. Journal of Digital Convergence, 14(9), 99-109. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.9.99
  25. S. Y. Lee & M. J. Cheong. (2014). A Study on 'Platform' e-Government for Reducing the digital divide in a Multicultural Society of S. Korea. Journal of Digital Convergence, 12(1), 1-12. DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2014.12.1.1.