DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Moderating Effect of Ego Resilience on the Relationship between Post-Traumatic Stress and Anxiety of National Merits of War

참전 국가유공자들의 외상 후 스트레스와 불안과의 관계에서 자아탄력성의 조절효과

  • Kim, Tae-Yeol (Department of Health Medical Administration, Yeung Nam University College) ;
  • Kim, Yunyoung (Department of Nursing, Andong National University)
  • 김태열 (영남이공대학교 보건의료행정학과) ;
  • 김윤영 (국립안동대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.12.11
  • Accepted : 2018.03.20
  • Published : 2018.03.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of post-traumatic stress on anxiety of national merits of war and to investigate the moderating effect of ego resilience on the relationship between variables. We collected data on 200 national merits of war from August 2017 to October 2017 and examined general characteristics, post traumatic stress, anxiety, and ego resilience by using SPSS 24.0 Statistics Program. Post-traumatic stress was positively correlated with anxiety (r=.426, p<.001) and negatively correlation with ego-resilience (r=-.297, p<.001), respectively. Anxiety was negatively correlated with ego-resilience (r=-.656, p<.001), and ego-resilience was found to have a moderating effect on post-traumatic stress and anxiety (F=45.796, p<.001). Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop a national education system to manage post-traumatic stress and to operate a training and management program considering the characteristics of the subjects.

Keywords

National Meritorious;Post-Traumatic Stress;Anxiety;Ego Resilience;Moderating Effect

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF)

References

  1. J. H. Shae. (2004). Diagnosis and pathophysiology of post traumatic stress disorder(PTSD). Korean Journal of Psychopharmacology, 15(1), 14-21.
  2. A. Hussain, L. Weisaeth & T. Heir. (2011). Psychiatric disorders and functional impairment among disaster victims after exposure to natural disaster: A population based study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 128(1-2), 135-141. DOI : 10.1016/j.jad.2010.06.018 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.06.018
  3. C. Zaetta, P. Santonastaso & A. Favaro. (2011). Long-term physical and psychological effects of the Vajont disaster. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 2, 1-5. DOI : 10.3402/ejpt.v2i0.8454
  4. B. L. Green, J. D. Lindy, M. C. Grace, C. G. Gleser, A. C. Leonad, M. Korol & C. Winget. (1990). Buffalo Greek survivors in the second decade: Stability of stress symptoms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 60(1), 43-54. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0079168
  5. R. S. Laufer, M. S. Gallops & E. Frey-Wouters. (1984). War stress and trauma: The Vietnam veteran experience. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 25(1), 65-85. DOI : 10.2307/2136705 https://doi.org/10.2307/2136705
  6. D. W. Foy & J. J. Card. (1987). Combat -related post-traumatic stress disorder etiology: Replicated findings in a national sample of Vietnam-era men. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43(1), 28-31. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(198701)43:1<28::AID-JCLP2270430105>3.0.CO;2-J
  7. G. A. Bonanno. (2004). Loss, trauma, and human resilience: have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely aversive events? American Psychologist, 59(1), 20-28. DOI : 10.1037/0003-066X.59.1.20 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.59.1.20
  8. A. S. Masten & J. D. Coatsworth. (1998). The development of competence in favorable and unfavorable environments lessons from research on successful children. American Psychologist, 53(2), 205-220. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.53.2.205
  9. D. Ciechetti, F. A. Rogosch, M. Lynch & K. Holt. (1993). Resilience in maltreated children: processes leading to adaptive outcome. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 629-647. DOI : 10.1017/S0954579400006209 https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400006209
  10. A. C. McFarlane & R. Yehuda. (1996). Resilience, Vulnerability and the course of post traumatic reaction. In B. A. van der Kolk, A. C. McFarlane, & L. Weisaeth (Eds.), Traumatic stress: The effects of overwhelming experience on mind, body, and society. New York : Guilford Press.
  11. S. R. Kang, S. H. Lee & H. Y. Lee. (2014). Predictors of PTSD symptoms in Korean Vietnam War veterans. The Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33(1), 35-50. https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2014.33.1.003
  12. E. B. Foa, L. Cashman, L. H. Jaycox & K. Perry. (1997). The validation of a self-report measure of PTSD: The PTSD diagnosis scale(PDS). Psychological Assesment, 9(4), 445-451. DOI : 10.1037/1040-3590.9.4.445 https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.9.4.445
  13. J. H. Block & A. M. Kremen. (1996). IQ and ego-resiliency: Clarifying their conceptual and empirical linkage and separateness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(2), 349-361. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.70.2.349
  14. S. Y. Yoo & H. W. Shim. (2002). Psychological protective factors in resilient adolescents in Korea. The Korea Journal of Educational Psychology, 16(4), 189-206.
  15. C. D. Spielberger. (1975). Anxiety- State-Trait process. In C. D. Spielberger & I. G. Sarason (Eds.), Stress and Anxiety. Washington, D. C. : Hemisphere.
  16. J. T. Kim & D. K. Shin. (1978). A study based on the standardization of the STAI for Korea. Journal of New Medicine, 2(11), 65-75.
  17. C. H. Kim. (2005). Post traumatic stress disorder. Korean Journal of Internal Medicine, 69(3), 237-240.
  18. M. A. Straus. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The conflict trctics(CT) scales. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 41(1), 75-88. https://doi.org/10.2307/351733
  19. S. Scheibe, R. M. Bagby, L. S. Miller & B. J. Dorian. (2001). Assessing post traumatic stress disorder with the MMPI-2 in a sample of workplace accident victims. Psychological Assessment, 13(3), 369-374. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.13.3.369
  20. B. W. Anke, E. V. Ploeg, I. Bramsen, A. C. Huizink, P. Slottje, T. Smid & H. M. Ploeg. (2006). Dimensionality if the post traumatic stress response among police officers and fire fighters: An evaluation of two self-report scales. Psychiatry Research, 141(2), 213-228. DOI : 10.1016/j.psychres.2005.09.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2005.09.001
  21. J. D. Ford. (1999). Disorders of extreme stress following war-zone military trauma: associated features of post traumatic stress disorder or comorbid but distinct syndromes? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67(1), 3-12. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.67.1.3
  22. H. N. Ahn & H. S. Ju. (2011). The symptom structure of PTSD in simple and complex trauma type groups. Korean Journal of Psychology; General, 30(3), 869-887.
  23. H. K. Chang. (2016). A study on traumatic experience suffering, coping strategy, ego-resilience, social support and post-traumatic growth in college students. Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, 16(6), 175-184. https://doi.org/10.9798/KOSHAM.2016.16.6.175
  24. A. Y. Shalev, L. Cametti & S. Schreiver. (1996). Predictors of PTSD in injured trauma survivors: a prospective study. America Journal of Psychiatry, 153(2), 219-225. DOI: 10.1176/ajp.153.2.219 https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.153.2.219
  25. J. M. Lee & C. H. Hong. (2008). The complex post-traumatic stress disorder of prostituted women. The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 20(2), 553-580.
  26. H. Tedeschi & L. C. Calhoun. (2004). Post traumatic growth: Conceptual foundations and empirical evidence. Psychological Inquiry, 15(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1501_01
  27. J. E. Kim & M. K. Rhee. (2015). Effects of adolescent's traumatic experience on social anxiety: The mediating effect of negative automatic thoughts depending on positive self-perception. Korean Journal of Counseling, 16(1), 129-146. https://doi.org/10.15703/kjc.16.1.201502.129
  28. J. S. Im & M. S. Yoon. (2014). Moderating effects of ego-resilience, social support on the relationship between secondary traumatic stress and job satisfaction among mental health social workers. Mental Health and Social Work, 42(1), 31-60.
  29. S. M. Oh & Y. C. Kwon. (2016). A study of convergence relationship among nurse's working conditions, post traumatic stress syndrome. Journal of Digital Convergence, 14(9), 369-378. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.9.369
  30. C. H. Hong & R. S. Park. (2001). The effects of violence of husband on psychopathology of wife. Research Psychology, 2, 1-20.