A Study of the Narrative Features in Animation as an Art Form - Focusing on Brad Bird's "The Iron Giant(1999)", "The Incredibles(2004)", "Ratatouille(2007)" -

예술 형식으로서의 애니메이션의 서사적 특성 연구 - 브래드 버드 감독의 "아이언 자이언트(1999)", "인크레더블(2004)", "라따뚜이(2007)"를 중심으로 -

  • Kim, Soong-Hyun (Dept. of Visual Communication Design, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Tae-Hoon (Dept. of Digital Contents, Kyung-Hee University)
  • 김숭현 (영남대학교 시각디자인학과) ;
  • 이태훈 (경희대학교 디지털콘텐츠학과)
  • Received : 2018.01.04
  • Accepted : 2018.03.20
  • Published : 2018.03.28


Brad Bird, a screenwriter and animation director in the United States, criticized the situation in which most animations were produced and released for the children since the early 2000s. He said that animation is an art form capable of conveying messages not only to children but also to adults, and that their development potential is high. In this study, I analyzed overall components such as narrative structure, character, subplot, symbol, and foreshadow of Brad Bird's animated feature films , , and examined his narrative features and strategies. As a result, the narrative features of animation as an art form are as follows: First, conveying the message of a serious subject that will deeply sympathize with adults as well as children. Second, expressing the social agenda which criticizes the contradiction of the real world and the periodic mistakes. Third, solid narrative structure through a dense plot based on realistic situation setting. I hope that this study will be used as basic research material for various animation production in the future.


Brad Bird;Animation;The Iron Giant;The Incredibles;Ratatouille


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