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원격간호교육 성인학습자의 성격강점, 자기효능감이 주관적 행복감에 미치는 영향

The Effect of Character Strength and Self-Efficacy on Subjective Happiness of Adult Learners of Distance Nursing Education

  • 김정희 (제주대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 박영숙 (한국방송통신대학교 간호학과)
  • 투고 : 2018.01.09
  • 심사 : 2018.03.20
  • 발행 : 2018.03.28

초록

본 연구는 원격간호교육 성인학습자의 성격강점, 자기효능감이 이들의 주관적 행복감에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 자료는 2015년 9월부터 11월까지 일 국립원격대학교의 간호학사 특별편입과정 성인학습자 261명을 대상으로 성격강점, 자기효능감, 주관적 행복감 척도를 이용하여 수집하였다. 원격간호교육 성인학습자의 주관적 행복감의 평균 점수는 미국과 한국의 일반 성인 보다 약간 낮은 수준이었으며, 성격강점은 6개 하부영역 중에서 초월과 인간애가 가장 높았으며 정의감이 가장 낮았다. 다중회귀분석 결과, 원격간호교육 성인학습자의 주관적 행복감에 영향을 미치는 요인은 긍정적 통합성, 강인성과 지각된 건강상태이었다. 이들 변수가 주관적 행복감 총 변량의 38.0%를 설명하였으며, 긍정적 통합성이 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 요인이었다. 직업과 원격학습을 병행하는 간호사들의 주관적 행복감을 증진하기 위한 방안으로 긍정적 통합성과 강인성의 성격강점을 강화하고 건강상태를 효과적으로 관리할 수 있는 다양한 교육 및 학습 지원전략의 개발을 제언한다.

키워드

간호사;원격교육;성격강점;자기효능감;주관적 행복감

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