A Meta-analysis of the Effect of Planned Exercise on their Self Efficacy, Depression, Life Satisfaction

노인의 계획된 운동이 자아효능감, 우울, 생활만족도에 미치는 영향의 메타분석

  • Chang, Bong-Woo (Dept. Physical Education, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Jang, Tae-Yeong (Dept. Physical Education, Cheongju educational University)
  • 장봉우 (충북대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 장태영 (청주교육대학교 체육교육과)
  • Received : 2017.12.12
  • Accepted : 2018.02.20
  • Published : 2018.02.28


The aim of this study was to survey the effects of planned exercise over the age of 65 in male and female with regard to their self-efficacy, depression, and life satisfaction, based on the literatures of 14 master and doctoral dissertations published between 2004 and 2014. The subjects with program exercise habit were chosen considering the generalization of the physical characteristics of elderly subjects. The exercise duration was 50 minutes for 3 times a week for 12 to 24 weeks. Exercise intensity was an optimal aerobic exercise plan that the subjects themselves could perform. The average effect size of self-efficacy was 0.793 (26.1% increased), depression was -0.91(31.9% decreased), and life satisfaction was 1.506 (43.4% increased). These indicate that post-exercise psychological variables had a positive effect on self-efficacy and life satisfaction by lowering depression after regular exercise. Therefore, it is necessary to increase regular exercise participation and to provide sustainable scientific information for the aged and healthy living of the elderly.


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