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학교 밖 청소년의 생활실태와 행복감 관련 변인

The Current Status of Life and Happiness of Out of School Youth

  • 황연경 (한서대학교 평생교육학과) ;
  • 홍은영 (천안시상담복지센터)
  • 투고 : 2017.12.27
  • 심사 : 2018.02.20
  • 발행 : 2018.02.28

초록

본 연구는 천안시의 학교밖 청소년 250명을 대상으로 생활실태와 심리적 특성을 분석하고 행복감에 영향을 주는 요인을 파악하여, 학교밖 청소년들의 행복감 증진을 위한 정책적 제언을 하고자 수행되었다. 분석 방법은 SPSS PC+ Win. 21.0을 활용하여 기술통계분석, 신뢰도분석, 평균비교분석, 상관분석 및 다중회귀분석을 하였고, 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 가정문제로 학업을 중단한 청소년의 자아존중감이 다른 이유로 학업을 중단한 청소년보다 낮았고, 행복감은 학업중단 기간이 2년 이상인 청소년이 가장 낮았다. 둘째, 학교밖 청소년들은 하루 중 수면 7.9시간, 일 3.91시간 등으로 사용하였고, 활동 장소는 집 10.73시간, 일터 3.66시간 등이었으며, 장래계획은 취업계획이 가장 많았고, 친구는 함께 게임 놀이할 친구가 가장 많았다. 셋째, 학교밖 청소년의 자아존중감, 희망 및 행복감 간에는 정적 상관관계가 있었다. 넷째, 학교밖 청소년의 행복감에 대한 상대적 영향은 자아존중감이 가장 높았고, 희망, 취업계획, 가정소득수준 순이었다.

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