Subjectivity about North Korean refugee : A Q-methodology Approach

북한이탈주민에 관한 주관성 연구 : Q방법론적 접근

  • Ahn, Lee-Su (Division of Public Administration, Shinhan University)
  • 안이수 (신한대학교 공공행정학과)
  • Received : 2017.12.12
  • Accepted : 2018.02.20
  • Published : 2018.02.28


The purpose of this study is to analyze the cognizance of North Korean refugee by applying Q methodology, as well as to provide preliminary data for improving North Korean refugee's image. The study process let P sample, the study participants, use Q-sorting methodology to sort Q sample, which is composed of statements. 18 participants sorted 32 statements and 3 types of North Korean refugee cognizance were produced as a result. Those types are 1(N=8), 2(N=6), and 3(N=4), which are type favorable, type whereas negative stereotypical, and type neutralist. Favorable types agreed to ensure North Korean refugee groups' rights as a general protection, whereas negative stereotypical types had strong discrimination and prejudice towards North Korean refugee groups due to lack of related knowledge. Furthermore, neutralist types showed an objection to negative stereotypes against North Korean refugee, but they did not entirely agree to North Korean refugee either. It is necessary to develop a detailed strategy to improve the social image of North Korean refugee.


Supported by : Shinhan University


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