Rapid seismic vulnerability assessment by new regression-based demand and collapse models for steel moment frames

  • Kia, M. (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Science and Technology of Mazandaran) ;
  • Banazadeh, M. (Department of Civil Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology) ;
  • Bayat, M. (Young Researchers and Elite Club, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University)
  • Received : 2017.09.17
  • Accepted : 2018.02.07
  • Published : 2018.03.25


Predictive demand and collapse fragility functions are two essential components of the probabilistic seismic demand analysis that are commonly developed based on statistics with enormous, costly and time consuming data gathering. Although this approach might be justified for research purposes, it is not appealing for practical applications because of its computational cost. Thus, in this paper, Bayesian regression-based demand and collapse models are proposed to eliminate the need of time-consuming analyses. The demand model developed in the form of linear equation predicts overall maximum inter-story drift of the lowto mid-rise regular steel moment resisting frames (SMRFs), while the collapse model mathematically expressed by lognormal cumulative distribution function provides collapse occurrence probability for a given spectral acceleration at the fundamental period of the structure. Next, as an application, the proposed demand and collapse functions are implemented in a seismic fragility analysis to develop fragility and consequently seismic demand curves of three example buildings. The accuracy provided by utilization of the proposed models, with considering computation reduction, are compared with those directly obtained from Incremental Dynamic analysis, which is a computer-intensive procedure.


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