DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A study on the Mediating Effect of Stress Coping Strategies in the Relationship between Emotional Empathy and Smartphone Addiction of University Students

대학생의 정서적 공감, 스트레스 대처방식, 스마트폰 중독의 구조모형 연구: 스트레스 대처방식의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • Received : 2017.12.13
  • Accepted : 2018.02.20
  • Published : 2018.02.28

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the mediating effects of stress coping strategies in the relationship between emotional empathy and smartphone addiction. To get the results, a survey was conducted, targeting university students. Key outcomes of the analysis were as follows. First, it was verified that emotional empathy and smartphone addiction, stress coping strategies and smartphone addiction had statistically meaningful direct relationships. Second, it was analyzed that stress coping strategies had partial mediating effects in the relationship between emotional empathy and smartphone addiction. Third, difference analysis according to gender, female students showed higher smartphone addiction and lower active stress coping strategy in comparison with male students. Based in these results, comprehensive interventions for preventing smartphone addiction were proposed.

Keywords

University students;Smartphone addiction;Emotional empathy;Stress coping strategies;Structural Equation Modeling

References

  1. A. Enex-Darcin, C. Noyan, S. Nurmedov, O. Yilmaz & N. Dilbaz. (2015). Smartphone addiction in relation with social anxiety and loneliness among university students in Turkey. European Psychiatry, 30(1), 28-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-9338(15)30022-5
  2. H. S. An. (2017). The effects of personal, environmental, smartphone characteristics factors on the smartphone addiction degrees and daily life of university students. The Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(6), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.3.39
  3. S. J. Park, M. A. Kwon, M. J. Beak & N. R. Han. (2014). Relation between smartphone addiction and interpersonal competence of college students using social network service. The Korea Contents Society, 14(1), 289-297.
  4. J. H. Jin. (2017). Experiences of smartphone addiction among university students. The Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(2), 421-429. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.2.421
  5. S. B. Park & H. S. Hwang. (2014). An exploratory study on factors influencing on smartphone addiction: focused on the application use of university students. Korean Journal of Journalism & communication studies, 58(1), 289-311.
  6. H. S. Kim. (2014). The influence of interpersonal relation tendency SNS commitment among college: the mediating effect of social anxiety. Journal of Human Understanding and Counseling, 35(1), 11-26.
  7. O. S. Lee & M. J. Kim, (2017). The relationship among smartphone addiction, emotional intelligence, critical thinking disposition and communication skill for nursing students. The Journal of Digital Convergence, 15(7), 319-328. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.7.319
  8. J. Kim. R & LaRose Peng, W. (2009). Loneliness as the cause and the effect of problematic internet use: the relationship between internet use and psychological well-being. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 12(1), 451-455. https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2008.0327
  9. M, Melchers, M. Li, Y. Chen, W. Zhang & C. Montag. (2015). Low empathy is associated with problematic use of internet: empirical evidence from China and Germany. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 17(1), 56-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2015.06.019
  10. S. J. Park, M. S. Chang, H. W. Kwak & S. G. Lee. (2017). The difference in execution function, interpersonal relationship problem and empathy ability of smartphone addiction tendency group by their phone application usage type. The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, 29(1), 1-19.
  11. T. E. Choi & Y. R. Lee. (2015). Latent means analysis among stress of college life, avoidance-oriented coping and mental health according to gender. Journal of Future Social Work Research, 6(2), 63-88.
  12. S. Young. (2005). Coping strategies used by adults with ADHD. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(1), 809-816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.06.005
  13. S. J. Lee, G. A. Kim & C. H. Hong. (2011). The effects of internet use motivation and stress coping on adolescent's pathological internet use: focused on gender difference. The Korean Journal of Women Psychology, 16(3), 265-284. https://doi.org/10.18205/kpa.2011.16.3.002
  14. J. S. Lee. (2012). The effect of interpersonal relationship on internet addiction level of university students: stress coping strategies as mediating variable. The Korean Journal of Youth Counseling, 20(2), 115-134.
  15. W. O. Oh & H. J. Shin (2016). Impact of depression, ego-resilience, and active stress coping on internet addiction tendency among college students. Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, 30(1), 56-69. https://doi.org/10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.56
  16. M. Takahasi & M. Kitamura.(2009). Addictive personality and problematic mobile phone use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 12(1), 501-507. https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2009.0022
  17. C. Jenaro, N. Flores, M. Gomez-vela, F. Gonzales-Gil & C. Caballo. (2007). Problematic internet and cell-phone use: psychological, behavioral, and health correlates. Addiction Research and Theory, 15(3), 309-320. https://doi.org/10.1080/16066350701350247
  18. H. S. Jeon & S. O. Jang. (2014). A study on the influence of depression and stress on smartphone addiction among university students: focused on mediating effect of gender. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 21(8), 103-129.
  19. L. Rueckert & N. Naybar. (2008). Gender difference in empathy: The role of the right hemisphere. Brain and Cognition, 67(2), 162-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2008.01.002
  20. M. H. Davis. (1983). Measuring individual differences in empathy: evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(1), 113-126. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.44.1.113
  21. I. Kang, S. W. Kee, S. E. Kim, B. S. Jeong, J. H. Hwang, J. E. Song & J. W. Kim. (2009). Reliability and validity of the Korean-version of interpersonal reactivity index. Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 48 (1), 352-358.
  22. S. Folkman & R. S. Lazarus. (1985). If it changes it must be a process: study of emotion and coping during three stages of a college examination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48(1), 150-170. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.48.1.150
  23. J. H. Kim. (1995). Relationship of the stress appraisal and coping strategies with emotional experiences. The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 7(1), 44-69.
  24. National Information Society Agency. (2011). The survey on internet overdependence. National Information Society Agency,
  25. S. H. Hong. (2000). The Criteria for Selecting Appropriate Fit Indices in Structural Equation Modeling and Their Rationales. The Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19(1), 161-177.
  26. P. J. Curran, S. G. West & J. Finch. (1996). The robustness of test statistics to non-normality and specification error in confirmatory factor analysis. Psychological Methods, 1(1), 16-29. https://doi.org/10.1037/1082-989X.1.1.16

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Nambu University