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The Impact of University Knowledge Capital on the Local Business Activity in Korea

대학의 지식자본이 지역의 기업활동에 미치는 영향

  • 김선재 (배재대학교 전자상거래학과)
  • Received : 2018.01.09
  • Accepted : 2018.01.19
  • Published : 2018.02.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of university knowledge capital on the local business activity in the Korean local governments in the year 2015. We found that the increase of the standard deviation of university patent, scientific publications, incumbent firms, and industrial property rights raised the number of new knowledge-intensive firms to 15%, 11%, 54%, and 22%, respectively, in the local economy. In addition, the coefficient which reflects the interaction effects of the knowledge capital between universities and local industries was significant in the given area in the year. On the other hand, in the control variables, the coefficients for the size of local government, population density, and percentage of 20s~40s out of the total population in the local government were significant, showing above 90% level except for the variable of the distance between a local government and Seoul. In particular, when the knowledge capital of the university and industry coexists, the synergistic effect which has influence on the foundation of knowledge-intensive firms was meaningful despite the small scale, and these two types of knowledge capital could be complementary in creating new knowledge-intensive firms in the Korean local economy.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단, 배재대학교

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