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Analysis of the Status and Limitation of the Biotope Area Ratio on Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Impact Assessment

전략환경영향평가 및 환경영향평가 사업에서의 생태면적률 적용 현황 및 한계점 분석

  • Park, Jin-Han (Department Ecosystem Science and Management, Texas A&M University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Kun (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyo-min (Smart City Strategy Planning Division, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology) ;
  • Sung, Hyun-Chan (Environmental GIS/RS Center, Korea University) ;
  • Jeon, Seong-Woo (Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Choi, Jae-yong (Department of Environment and Forest Recourses, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Chang-Seok (Faculty of Chemistry and Bio-Environmental Sciences, Seoul Women's University) ;
  • Hwang, Sang-Yeon (Human Resources Development Division, National Institute of Environmental Human Resources Development)
  • 박진한 ;
  • 이동근 (서울대학교 조경지역시스템공학부) ;
  • 김효민 (한국건설기술연구원 스마트시티전략기획단) ;
  • 성현찬 (고려대학교 환경 GIS/RS 센터) ;
  • 전성우 (고려대학교 환경생태공학부) ;
  • 최재용 (충남대학교 산림환경자원학과) ;
  • 이창석 (서울여자대학교 화학생명환경과학부) ;
  • 황상연 (국립환경인력개발원 인력개발과)
  • Received : 2018.01.22
  • Accepted : 2018.02.26
  • Published : 2018.02.28

Abstract

To improve the ecological function of urban areas, the guideline for applying the Biotope Area Ratio to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was developed in 2005 and modified in the July, 2017. This study investigates whether the guideline has been actually practiced in the real world by searching reports including 648 cases of the Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA) and 471 cases of the EIA. The results show that the 38% of SEIA and the 43% of EIA include sections about Biotope Area Ratio, and the 15% of SEIA and the 25 % of EIA are satisfied the threshold of the Biotope Area Ratio suggested by the guideline. The statistical analysis results show that this low level of practice was not improved through the modification of the guideline in 2017. This is because the guideline is forcibleness, its explanation is unclear, and stockholders' understanding of it lacks. In addition, lack of tracking management on SEIA and EIA also contributes to the low level of practice of the guideline. To promote the practice, the efforts to legislate and publicize the guideline are required.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부

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