비흡연자 만성폐쇄성폐질환의 유병률과 위험인자의 융합적 분석

Convergence analysis of Prevalence and Risk Factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among Non-smokers

  • 송혜영 (이화여자대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 방윤이 (이화여자대학교 간호학과)
  • 투고 : 2017.11.13
  • 심사 : 2018.01.20
  • 발행 : 2018.01.28


본 연구는 국민건강영양조사 제6기(2013-2015) 자료를 이용하여, 비흡연자 만성폐쇄성폐질환의 유병률과 위험인자를 파악하고 비흡연자 만성폐쇄성 폐질환자의 질병악화예방과 관리방안을 모색하고자 시행되었다. 40세 이상 만성폐쇄성폐질환자 중 비흡연자 4, 911명을 대상으로 복합 표본 교차분석과 로지스틱 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과 65세 이상(p<.001), 남자(p<.001), 농촌(p=.044), 무 배우자(p<.001), 낮은 학력(p<.001), 농림어업종사자(p<.001)에서 유병률이 높았고, 폐결핵(p<.001)과 천식(p<.001)이 있는 경우 유병률이 높게 나타났다. 또한, 위험인자로는 연령(p<.001), 성별(p<.001), 학력(p=.022), 직업(p<.001), 폐결핵(p<.001), 천식(p<.001)으로 나타났다. 따라서 유병률, 위험인자와 관련된 변수를 고려한 간호사정과 이를 바탕으로 임상에서 적용 가능한 호흡재활 및 호흡중재 프로그램개발이 필요할 것으로 사료된다.


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