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Effects of a Postnatal Care Program on Self-efficacy, Self-management, and Glycemic Control in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

임신성 당뇨병 산모를 위한 산후관리 프로그램이 자기효능감, 자가 관리 및 혈당 조절에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2018.08.28
  • Accepted : 2018.11.07
  • Published : 2018.12.20

Abstract

Purpose: To examine effects of a postnatal care program on self-efficacy, self-management, and glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: A non-equivalent control group non-synchronized quasi-experimental design was used. Sixty-two women with GDM were enrolled and assigned to either an experimental group (n=30) or a control group (n=32). The experimental group received an intervention which was postnatal care program for women with GDM. The postnatal care program for GDM included an individual education with leaflet and mobile web-based video with three times of telephone counseling. Effects of the intervention were measured with self-efficacy, self-management questionnaire, and a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (75g OGTT). Statistical significance was examined using independent t-test and $x^2-test$. Results: Although there was no significant difference in 75g OGTT ($x^2=.11$, p=.748) or self-management (t=-1.28, p=.206), there was a statistically significant increase in self-efficacy (t=-2.02, p=.048) in the experimental group compared to that in the control group. Conclusion: A postnatal care program is needed for women with GDM to improve their self-efficacy. Further studies are warranted to improve self-management and glycemic control through tailored education for GDM postpartum women.

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