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Antimicrobial Effects of Essential Oils for Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumanii

다제내성 아시네토박터 바우마니의 에센셜 오일에 대한 항균효과

  • Park, Chang-Eun (Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Molecular Diagnostics Research Institute, Namseoul University) ;
  • Kwon, Pil Seung (Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Wonkwang Health Science University)
  • 박창은 (남서울대학교 임상병리학과, 분자진단연구소) ;
  • 권필승 (원광보건대학교 임상병리과)
  • Received : 2018.09.21
  • Accepted : 2018.10.26
  • Published : 2018.12.31

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii is categorized as a red alert pathogen that is increasingly associated with a high mortality rate in infected patients because of its resistance to extensive antibiotics. This study evaluated the antibacterial activities of some essential oils (tee tree, rosemary, and lavender oils) against 18 clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MRAB). The carbapenemase screening Hodge test showed that all 20 strains of A. baumannii were resistant to imipenem. The identification of multidrug-resistant microbes was carried out using the VITEK system. The antimicrobial activity of essential oils was tested by a disk diffusion method against MRAB. In the disk diffusion method, tea tree showed the largest increase in inhibition size compared to lavender oil, and rosemary had no antibacterial effect. These results proved the antimicrobial effect of multidrug resistance A. baumannii. Tee tree oil would be a useful alternative natural product for the treatment and prevention of most common human pathogens and MRAB infections. This is expected to be used as an antimicrobial agent, such as hand disinfectant using natural essential oil in the future.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 원광보건대학교

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